Long nuclear retained non-coding RNAs (IncRNAs) represent a large and relatively unmined class of RNAs that are likely to play critical roles in gene regulation and disease etiology. A major challenge is to understand the molecular functions of specific IncRNAs both at the cellular level and within the context of an organism. The long-term goal of this project is to identify and characterize IncRNAs that play a critical role in mammary gland development and the initiation and progression of breast cancer. Here, a series of Aims are presented to dissect out the role of Malati, an abundant IncRNA localized to nuclear speckles and focally amplified in a significant number of metastatic breast cancers. Studies are proposed to develop innovative loss-of-function and gain-of-function mouse models combined with cell biological approaches to assess the function of Malati in normal development and in breast cancer initiation and metastasis. The impact of alterations in the level of Malati on tissue organization will be examined, and its effect on alternative splicing in a tissue-specific manner will be pursued by next-generation RNA-sequencing analyses. Complementary cell biological studies will delve into the role that Malati plays in nuclear organization and its impact on the dynamics of pre-mRNA splicing factors enriched in nuclear speckles. The Malati RNP will be purified using an RNA-tagging strategy and its proteome will be characterized in order to identify proteins responsible for its nuclear retention and to provide additional insight into its function. In the final Aim a series of newly identified IncRNAs, that are misregulated in breast cancer, will be prioritized and several will be selected for functional analyses, to identify genes and pathways that they target, and to elucidate the mechanisms by which they contribute to breast cancer tumorigenesis. Together, the proposed studies will provide important insights into the role of several IncRNAs in normal development and cancer and will lead to new opportunities for the identification and characterization of a new and exciting class of potential therapeutic targets.

Public Health Relevance

This study will examine the role of several long nuclear retained non-coding RNAs in mouse development and in the initiation and progression of breast cancer. LncRNAs represent a relatively new and unexplored class of potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets with roles in regulating aspects of gene expression. The insights gained from the proposed studies will add significantly to our understanding of breast cancer and potential treatment options.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01CA013106-44
Application #
8788914
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-RPRB-0)
Project Start
Project End
2015-12-31
Budget Start
2015-01-01
Budget End
2015-12-31
Support Year
44
Fiscal Year
2015
Total Cost
$403,125
Indirect Cost
$196,019
Name
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Department
Type
DUNS #
065968786
City
Cold Spring Harbor
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
11724
On, Kin Fan; Jaremko, Matt; Stillman, Bruce et al. (2018) A structural view of the initiators for chromosome replication. Curr Opin Struct Biol 53:131-139
Knott, Simon R V; Wagenblast, Elvin; Khan, Showkhin et al. (2018) Asparagine bioavailability governs metastasis in a model of breast cancer. Nature 554:378-381
Shamay, Yosi; Shah, Janki; I??k, Mehtap et al. (2018) Quantitative self-assembly prediction yields targeted nanomedicines. Nat Mater 17:361-368
Tramentozzi, Elisa; Ferraro, Paola; Hossain, Manzar et al. (2018) The dNTP triphosphohydrolase activity of SAMHD1 persists during S-phase when the enzyme is phosphorylated at T592. Cell Cycle 17:1102-1114
Arun, Gayatri; Diermeier, Sarah D; Spector, David L (2018) Therapeutic Targeting of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer. Trends Mol Med 24:257-277
Tarumoto, Yusuke; Lu, Bin; Somerville, Tim D D et al. (2018) LKB1, Salt-Inducible Kinases, and MEF2C Are Linked Dependencies in Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Mol Cell 69:1017-1027.e6
Xu, Yali; Milazzo, Joseph P; Somerville, Tim D D et al. (2018) A TFIID-SAGA Perturbation that Targets MYB and Suppresses Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Cancer Cell 33:13-28.e8
Huang, Yu-Han; Klingbeil, Olaf; He, Xue-Yan et al. (2018) POU2F3 is a master regulator of a tuft cell-like variant of small cell lung cancer. Genes Dev 32:915-928
Livshits, Geulah; Alonso-Curbelo, Direna; Morris 4th, John P et al. (2018) Arid1a restrains Kras-dependent changes in acinar cell identity. Elife 7:
Tiriac, Hervé; Belleau, Pascal; Engle, Dannielle D et al. (2018) Organoid Profiling Identifies Common Responders to Chemotherapy in Pancreatic Cancer. Cancer Discov 8:1112-1129

Showing the most recent 10 out of 610 publications