The long-range objective is to improve outcome in human cancer by using a new approach called Helical Tomotherapy. Helical Tomotherapy is the integration of intensity modulated radiotherapy with helical computed tomography, and has the ability to provide exquisite conformality, with continuous verification and rapid adaptation. It enables two hypotheses to be tested: (1) Conformal dose escalation will lead to improved local control without increase of epsilon complications and, in selected subsets of patients, to improved survival. We propose to escalate by increasing dose-per-fraction in Phase I trials to identify to appropriate schedules for future for future Phase III testing. (2) Conformal avoidance of normal tissues at risk will reduce the incidence of complications, leading to improved quality of life. This is applicable especially where tumor volumes cannot be determined with certainty although normal tissues at risk can be delineated accurately. Central to the testing of both of these hypotheses is the capability of Tomotherapy to deliver adaptive radiotherapy which accommodates ongoing changes in target geometry and in treatment delivery. In Research Project 1 we shall further develop optimized methods of tomotherapy delivery, including the implementation of adaptive radiotherapy. This allows for a closed circuit loop to correct for previously undetected errors in radiation delivery on an ongoing basis. In Research Projects 2 and 3 we shall perform dose escalation using the capabilities of tomotherapy linked through the commonality of fraction- size escalation. In Project 3 dose escalation will be carried out using fraction-size escalation for prostate cancer based on its slow proliferation as well as on reduced volumes irradiated. In Research Project 4 and 5 we shall test the conformal avoidance strategy in canine nasopharyngeal cancer and human head and neck cancer, using Phase II clinical trial methodology. These projects will be supported by three cores: Administrative Biostatistics and Radiobiology, and Physics, Computers and Dosimetry. This program project represents a unified effort, testing both dose escalation and conformal avoidance, using adaptative tomotherapy capabilities with multiple degrees of synergy between the various projects. When this program project is complete it could have as large an impact on the practice of radiation oncology as the introduction of linear accelerators in the 1960. Our Program Project will allow Tomotherapy to reach a level of scientific and technological maturity where, in the future, technological intercomparisons through Phase III trials may be undertaken.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Program Officer
Stone, Helen B
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Wisconsin Madison
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Brower, Jeffrey V; Forman, Jeffrey D; Kupelian, Patrick A et al. (2016) Quality of life outcomes from a dose-per-fraction escalation trial of hypofractionation in prostate cancer. Radiother Oncol 118:99-104
Cannon, Donald M; Mehta, Minesh P; Adkison, Jarrod B et al. (2013) Dose-limiting toxicity after hypofractionated dose-escalated radiotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol 31:4343-8
Hong, Theodore S; Tome, Wolfgang A; Harari, Paul M (2012) Heterogeneity in head and neck IMRT target design and clinical practice. Radiother Oncol 103:92-8
Chi, Alexander; Tomé, Wolfgang A; Fowler, Jack et al. (2011) Stereotactic body radiation therapy in non-small-cell lung cancer: linking radiobiological modeling and clinical outcome. Am J Clin Oncol 34:432-41
Deveau, Michael A; Gutiérrez, Alonso N; Mackie, Thomas R et al. (2010) Dosimetric impact of daily setup variations during treatment of canine nasal tumors using intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 51:90-6
Lawrence, Jessica A; Forrest, Lisa J; Turek, Michelle M et al. (2010) Proof of principle of ocular sparing in dogs with sinonasal tumors treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 51:561-70
Gondi, Vinai; Tome, Wolfgang A; Marsh, James et al. (2010) Estimated risk of perihippocampal disease progression after hippocampal avoidance during whole-brain radiotherapy: safety profile for RTOG 0933. Radiother Oncol 95:327-31
Harari, Paul M; Song, Shiyu; Tomé, Wolfgang A (2010) Emphasizing conformal avoidance versus target definition for IMRT planning in head-and-neck cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 77:950-8
Ritter, Mark; Forman, Jeffrey; Kupelian, Patrick et al. (2009) Hypofractionation for prostate cancer. Cancer J 15:1-6
Schubert, Leah K; Westerly, David C; Tomé, Wolfgang A et al. (2009) A comprehensive assessment by tumor site of patient setup using daily MVCT imaging from more than 3,800 helical tomotherapy treatments. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 73:1260-9

Showing the most recent 10 out of 50 publications