3 OVERALL PROGRAM CRITIQUE 3 PROGRESS DURING THE CURRENT FUNDING PERIOD 4 PROGRAM LEADERSHIP 5 PROGRAM AS AN INTEGRATED EFFORT 5 COLLABORATING INSTITUTIONS 6 PROJECT AND CORE SUMMARIES OF DISCUSSION 6 PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS 8 VERTEBRATE ANIMALS 9 ADDITIONAL REVIEW CONSIDERATIONS 9 REVISION NOTE Error! Bookmark not defined. SCIENTIFIC REVIEW OFFICER'S NOTES Error! Bookmark not defined. PROJECT 1: Role of HTLV-1 Hbz in Transformation and Disease 10 PROJECT 2: Role of Retroviral Integration Targeting in Cell Transformation 18 PROJECT 3: Effect of HTLV-1 Viral Oncogenes on the Bone Microenvironment in ATL 27 PROJECT 4: Tumorigenic Effects of Tax 35 CORE A: Administration and Biostatistics 43 CORE B: Proteomics and Protein Analysis Core 47 CORE C: Animal Models 50 COMMITTEE BUDGET RECOMMENDATIONS 55 SPECIAL EMPHASIS PANEL ROSTER DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ultimate goal of this Program Project Grant competiting renewal application is to elucidate mechanisms of retrovirus-mediated disease or cellular control events that regulate lymphocyte proliferation/ transformation. A primary common thread among all research groups is the shared use of infectious molecular clones and derivatives of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2, developed or characterized in our laboratories, and links to established animal models (HIS mice, transgenic mice, rabbits) to test molecular determinants of disease. Each Project Leader brings a unique Project that is interdependent on components of other Projects and Cores in the Program. Project 1 (Green) in collaboration with Project 4 (Ratner) will identify cellular interacting components of both Hbz RNA and protein and will use in vitro and in vivo models to determine the interplay between Hbz and Tax to uncover the mechanisms and pathways necessary for tumor initiation, promotion or maintenance. Project 2 (Kvaratskhelia) in collaboration with Project 1 (Green) and Project 4 (Ratner) will investigate the molecular mechanisms and roles of HTLV-1 integration site selectivity for proviral expression, cell transformation and ultimately pathogenesis. Project 3 (Weilbaecher and Rosol) combines their expertise with Projects 1, 2, and 4 to test the hypothesis that dysregulated tumoral expression of bone turnover factors in Tax and Hbz expressing tumors will reprogram the ATL bone microenvironment towards increased osteoclast resorption and decreased bone formation, which will favor tumor expansion in bone. Project 4 (Ratner) in collaboration with Project 1 will identify and characterize Tax-interactive proteins to determine the mechanism of action of alternative NF?B activation and determine the role of this pathway in Tax-mediated transformation. These four highly integrated Projects are supported by three unique shared resource cores: Core A (Administration and Biostatistics), Core B (Proteomics and Protein Analysis) and Core C (Animal Model Use and Development). For the past 5 years, investigators within this PPG realized robust productivity as demonstrated by 77 peer-reviewed manuscripts;43% collaborative between PPG investigators. This competing renewal PPG assembles and integrates a unique team of physician scientists, basic scientists, lab animal veterinarians, and pathologists and will support interactive basic and translational studies to define transformation mechanisms and therapeutic intervention against HTLV-1 associated leukemia/lymphomas and other related cancers.

Public Health Relevance

Approximately 15-25 million people worldwide are infected with HTLV-1 with a small percentage developing adult T-cell leukemia. The cancer is aggressive and there is currently no effective treatment. The interactive nature of this PPG will provide rationale hypotheses to support translational studies to define therapeutic intervention against retrovirus-induced lymphoma and refine animal models to determine molecular determinants of retrovirus-induced cancer.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-RPRB-J (M1))
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Read-Connole, Elizabeth Lee
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Ohio State University
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Pérès, Eléonore; Blin, Juliana; Ricci, Emiliano P et al. (2018) PDZ domain-binding motif of Tax sustains T-cell proliferation in HTLV-1-infected humanized mice. PLoS Pathog 14:e1006933
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Webb, Lindsay M; Amici, Stephanie A; Jablonski, Kyle A et al. (2017) PRMT5-Selective Inhibitors Suppress Inflammatory T Cell Responses and Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis. J Immunol 198:1439-1451
Singh, Gatikrushna; Fritz, Sarah M; Ranji, Arnaz et al. (2017) Isolation of Cognate RNA-protein Complexes from Cells Using Oligonucleotide-directed Elution. J Vis Exp :

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