The primary mission of the Gastric Histopathology Core is to provide high quality, rapid-turnaround specialized research histology services, including immunohistochemistry, to investigators in this PPG, and to provide expert histopathologic interpretation, through collaboration with Dr. M. Blanca Piazuelo and Dr. Kay Washington. The following services are proposed: 1. To provide expert evaluation of histopathology of rodent models of H. pylori-induced gastric neoplasia and correlation with human disease 2. To provide expertise in developing, performing and evaluating immunohistochemical studies and other special staining techniques on animal and human tissues, with robust quality control measures, and with extension to gastroids, as needed 3. To provide tissue microarray services and access to human gastric tissue samples with pathological annotation and clinical outcome. The three component projects and Core B (Proteomics and Metabolomics Core) of this proposed Program Project all rely heavily upon morphologic analysis of gastric tissues isolated from rodent models of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis and gastric neoplasia Core A will coordinate tissue annotation for imaging mass spectrometry and will use IHC to localize protein targets identified by Core B. Dr. Piazuelo's and Dr. Washington's expertise in interpretation of histopathologic changes in rodent models and in interpretation of immunohistochemical studies will be critical to this work, and these collaborative activities are currently not funded through existing resources. By utilizing the resources of a GI research-related immunohistochemistry facility, it will be possible to achieve high standards for all histologic studies proposed in this grant. This centralization of histologic services under the supervision of experienced pathologists with a dedicated interest in gastrointestinal pathology will allow careful attention to quality assurance. !

Public Health Relevance

Core A Narrative The work in this Core will help identify factors important in gastric carcinogenesis through the use of specialized histology services. This may help identify persons at high risk for gastric cancer who can then be treated for H. pylori. !

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National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Vanderbilt University Medical Center
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