Ceramic materials are gaining a prominent position in dental applications, particularly in the restoration of crowns and occlusal surfaces. Wear of the restoration and the enamel opposing the ceramic restoration is often a key factor limiting the life of the restoration. However, the available data and information on wear performance of these materials are limited. Particularly, the effects of ceramic microstructure, oral environment, and machining on wear, and the wear behavior of natural enamel opposing the ceramic restoration, are not known. The objectives of this project are to determine the effect of microstructure on wear of dental ceramics and the opposing enamel, and to evaluate the possible effects of machining damage and environment on wear of selected dental ceramics.
Six specific aims will be investigated: (1) determine the effect of microstructure on wear to define an optimum microstructure for best wear performance, (2) compare the microfracture wear mechanisms with the process of damage formation in fatigue and fracture and the material removal process in machining, (3) quantify the effects of machining damage (including surface roughness, surface integrity, and smear layers) on wear of selected dental ceramics, (4) evaluate the effect of environment (air, water, and artificial saliva) on wear of selected dental ceramics, (5) evaluate the effect of surface chemical tempering on wear of selected dental ceramics, and (6) examine wear of natural enamel tested against different ceramic microstructures in various environments. The results of this project will be instrumental in providing guidelines for selection and microstructural design of advanced dental restorative materials for an optimum performance based on wear of the restoration and the opposing natural enamel. An important issue in this research is the interplay between the effects of microstructure on wear, fatigue, and machining. Therefore, the microfracture processes involved in fatigue (Project 2) and machining (Project 1) will be compared with those observed for wear to develop some guidelines for establishing an optimum microstructure for best wear performance, without adversely affecting fatigue and machinability.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Medicine & Dentistry of NJ
United States
Zip Code
Yin, Ling (2012) Property-process relations in simulated clinical abrasive adjusting of dental ceramics. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 16:55-65
Silva, N R F A; Bonfante, E A; Rafferty, B T et al. (2011) Modified Y-TZP core design improves all-ceramic crown reliability. J Dent Res 90:104-8
Rafferty, Brian T; Janal, Malvin N; Zavanelli, Ricardo A et al. (2010) Design features of a three-dimensional molar crown and related maximum principal stress. A finite element model study. Dent Mater 26:156-63
Bonfante, Estevam A; Sailer, Irena; Silva, Nelson R F A et al. (2010) Failure modes of Y-TZP crowns at different cusp inclines. J Dent 38:707-12
Guess, P C; Zhang, Y; Kim, J-W et al. (2010) Damage and reliability of Y-TZP after cementation surface treatment. J Dent Res 89:592-6
Bonfante, Estevam A; da Silva, Nelson R F A; Coelho, Paulo G et al. (2009) Effect of framework design on crown failure. Eur J Oral Sci 117:194-9
Coelho, P G; Silva, N R; Bonfante, E A et al. (2009) Fatigue testing of two porcelain-zirconia all-ceramic crown systems. Dent Mater 25:1122-7
Rekow, E Dianne; Zhang, Guangming; Thompson, Van et al. (2009) Effects of geometry on fracture initiation and propagation in all-ceramic crowns. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 88:436-46
Coelho, Paulo G; Silva, Nelson R; Thompson, Van P et al. (2009) Effect of proximal wall height on all-ceramic crown core stress distribution: a finite element analysis study. Int J Prosthodont 22:78-86
Zhang, Yu; Kim, Jae-Won; Bhowmick, Sanjit et al. (2009) Competition of fracture mechanisms in monolithic dental ceramics: flat model systems. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 88:402-11

Showing the most recent 10 out of 54 publications