We propose to conduct an in-depth, five-year, ethnographic study of rural communities and families, infants, and children embedded within them. Our ethnographic study comprises two components. The first is a community ethnography involving in-depth contextual appraisals of community characteristics hypothesized to affect families' and children's lives. These appraisals will be conducted for a period of five years in selected communities and at the county level in the program project's six focal localities--Blair, Cambria, and Huntington counties in Pennsylvania; and Wilson, Wayne, and Sampson counties in North Carolina. The second component is a family ethnography involving intensive interviews and participant observation with 72 families distributed equally across the six counties. Our sample of families will mirror those involved in the program project core in terms of poverty status, locality and race/ethnicity, with the exception that we will purposively recruit expectant mothers and their families, 33% of whom also have children age 2-4. We will follow the sample intensively for five years. By employing this design, the ethnography will gather data on target infants while simultaneously generating insights on a subsample of toddler and preschool siblings. In doing so, the ethnography maintains a subsample of children that will be developmentally ahead"""""""" of the target children involved in the program project core, better enabling the core to use the ethnographic data to inform the conceptual models and the selection of measures they plan to use in evaluating the core sample of children through their preschool years. Our conceptual and methodological approaches for the proposed ethnography are embedded in the model """"""""Structured Discovery."""""""" Structured discovery is a highly successful set of strategies that we developed and are using to conduct a large interdisciplinary, multi-investigator, multi-site ethnographic study of poor and welfare-dependent urban families--Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
1P01HD039667-01A1
Application #
6615001
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1)
Project Start
2002-07-01
Project End
2007-06-30
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2002
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
Type
DUNS #
078861598
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
McKinnon, Rachel D; Blair, Clancy; Family Life Project Investigators (2018) Does early executive function predict teacher-child relationships from kindergarten to second grade? Dev Psychol 54:2053-2066
Perry, Rosemarie E; Finegood, Eric D; Braren, Stephen H et al. (2018) Developing a neurobehavioral animal model of poverty: Drawing cross-species connections between environments of scarcity-adversity, parenting quality, and infant outcome. Dev Psychopathol :1-20
Gueron-Sela, Noa; Camerota, Marie; Willoughby, Michael T et al. (2018) Maternal depressive symptoms, mother-child interactions, and children's executive function. Dev Psychol 54:71-82
Gatzke-Kopp, Lisa M; Ram, Nilam; Lydon-Staley, David M et al. (2018) Children's Sensitivity to Cost and Reward in Decision Making Across Distinct Domains of Probability, Effort, and Delay. J Behav Decis Mak 31:12-24
Daneri, M Paula; Blair, Clancy; Kuhn, Laura J et al. (2018) Maternal Language and Child Vocabulary Mediate Relations Between Socioeconomic Status and Executive Function During Early Childhood. Child Dev :
Zvara, Bharathi J; Macfie, Jenny; Cox, Martha et al. (2018) Mother-child role confusion, child adjustment problems, and the moderating roles of child temperament and sex. Dev Psychol 54:1891-1903
Gustafsson, Hanna C; Brown, Geoffrey L; Mills-Koonce, W Roger et al. (2017) Intimate Partner Violence and Children's Attachment Representations during Middle Childhood. J Marriage Fam 79:865-878
Finegood, Eric D; Rarick, Jason R D; Blair, Clancy et al. (2017) Exploring longitudinal associations between neighborhood disadvantage and cortisol levels in early childhood. Dev Psychopathol 29:1649-1662
Finegood, Eric D; Wyman, Claire; O'Connor, Thomas G et al. (2017) Salivary cortisol and cognitive development in infants from low-income communities. Stress 20:112-121
Blair, Clancy; Berry, Daniel J; FLP Investigators (2017) Moderate within-person variability in cortisol is related to executive function in early childhood. Psychoneuroendocrinology 81:88-95

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