The purpose of this program project is to study the early development of a group of Children who are at risk for later successful adjustment and for whom we have little information: children living in rural, largely poor communities. A birth cohort of 800 children in three rural counties of North Carolina and 600 children in three rural counties of Pennsylvania will be studied over the first 3 years of life. A multidisciplinary team will investigate multiple levels of influences affecting the early development of these children. The research emphases of the component research projects includes the following: Project I: Temperament: Emphasizes the development of child-related factors and how they predict preschool social-emotional and cognitive competence. Project II: School Readiness: Emphasizes the pathways to and precursors of school readiness. Project III: Family Process: Emphasizes how family processes mediate or moderate the effects of rural poverty on children. Project IV: Work and Family: Emphasizes the impact of parents' occupational conditions on parenting, and, in turn, children's social, cognitive, emotional and linguistic development. Project V: Ethnography: Emphasizes 1) an in-depth contextual appraisal of community characteristics and 2) a family ethnography with 72 families developmentally ahead of the cohort above to provide input to design and measurement. The purposes of the proposed cores are the following: Core : Data Collection: Recruitment of subjects and data collection for Projects I-IV Core : Data Management and Statistical Core: Data management and statistical expertise.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-R (VF))
Program Officer
Griffin, James
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University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Schools of Medicine
Chapel Hill
United States
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Gatzke-Kopp, Lisa M; Ram, Nilam; Lydon-Staley, David M et al. (2018) Children's Sensitivity to Cost and Reward in Decision Making Across Distinct Domains of Probability, Effort, and Delay. J Behav Decis Mak 31:12-24
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Gustafsson, Hanna C; Brown, Geoffrey L; Mills-Koonce, W Roger et al. (2017) Intimate Partner Violence and Children's Attachment Representations during Middle Childhood. J Marriage Fam 79:865-878
Finegood, Eric D; Rarick, Jason R D; Blair, Clancy et al. (2017) Exploring longitudinal associations between neighborhood disadvantage and cortisol levels in early childhood. Dev Psychopathol 29:1649-1662
Finegood, Eric D; Wyman, Claire; O'Connor, Thomas G et al. (2017) Salivary cortisol and cognitive development in infants from low-income communities. Stress 20:112-121
Blair, Clancy; Berry, Daniel J; FLP Investigators (2017) Moderate within-person variability in cortisol is related to executive function in early childhood. Psychoneuroendocrinology 81:88-95

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