The scientific premise of this project is based upon the significance of salt-sensitive hypertension as a health problem and the need to understand the underlying mechanisms to enable development of more effective treatments. The studies proposed pursue mTOR signaling, which has long been known to be important in the regulation of cell cycle events and in human cancers, but has remained unexplored in hypertension. It is also recognized that mTOR complexes can participate in autoimmune responses and cardiovascular diseases and studies find they are important for renal podocyte homeostasis and tubular epithelial Na+ and K+ transport. Despite evidence that many aspects of kidney physiology known to be altered in hypertension are negatively affected by stimulation of mTOR complexes, the therapeutic benefit of inhibition of these pathways has not been studied. Indeed, remarkably little is known about the contributions of mTOR to the pathophysiology of hypertension. Our preliminary studies find that inhibition of the mTOR complexes virtually abolished salt-induced hypertension in a rat model of salt-sensitive hypertension (Dahl SS rats). Given that a high salt diet stimulates H2O2 production in the kidney of SS rats, and based on our in vitro evidence, we hypothesize that in the SS rat model of salt-sensitive hypertension enhanced intrarenal production of H2O2, largely from Nox4, enhances mTOR signaling. We propose that activated mTORC2 phosphorylates and activates SGK1; thereby increasing tubular Na+ reabsorption which results in Na+ retention and hypertension (and as studied in Project 3, enhanced inflammation). Project 1 has three Specific Aims:
Aim 1 will test the hypothesis that therapeutic suppression of the mTORC2 pathway will reduce blood pressure salt-sensitivity and renal injury in SS rats.
Aim 2 will test the hypothesis that mTORC2/SGK1 contributes to enhanced tubular Na+ reabsorption and salt-sensitivity of SS rats.
Aim 3 will test the hypothesis that elevations of intrarenal H2O2 in SS rats fed a high salt diet contribute importantly to the activation of the mTOR signaling pathway. These mechanisms are not just of academic interest since understanding of these pathways could yield novel therapeutic targets.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Heart, Lung, and Blood Initial Review Group (HLBP)
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OH, Youngsuk
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Medical College of Wisconsin
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Bukowy, John D; Dayton, Alex; Cloutier, Dustin et al. (2018) Region-Based Convolutional Neural Nets for Localization of Glomeruli in Trichrome-Stained Whole Kidney Sections. J Am Soc Nephrol 29:2081-2088
Regal, Jean F; Laule, Connor F; McCutcheon, Luke et al. (2018) The complement system in hypertension and renal damage in the Dahl SS rat. Physiol Rep 6:e13655
Abais-Battad, Justine M; Lund, Hayley; Fehrenbach, Daniel J et al. (2018) Parental Dietary Protein Source and the Role of CMKLR1 in Determining the Severity of Dahl Salt-Sensitive Hypertension. Hypertension :HYPERTENSIONAHA11811994
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Chuppa, Sandra; Liang, Mingyu; Liu, Pengyuan et al. (2018) MicroRNA-21 regulates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha, a molecular mechanism of cardiac pathology in Cardiorenal Syndrome Type 4. Kidney Int 93:375-389
Evans, Louise C; Dayton, Alex; Yang, Chun et al. (2018) Transcriptomic analysis reveals inflammatory and metabolic pathways that are regulated by renal perfusion pressure in the outer medulla of Dahl-S rats. Physiol Genomics 50:440-447
Abais-Battad, Justine M; Mattson, David L (2018) The Influence of Dietary Protein on Dahl Salt-Sensitive Hypertension: a Potential Role for Gut Microbiota. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol :
Staruschenko, Alexander (2018) Beneficial Effects of High Potassium: Contribution of Renal Basolateral K+ Channels. Hypertension 71:1015-1022

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