This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.Signal recognition particles (SRPs) and their receptors function in every domain of life. They are components of an elaborate protein targeting system that delivers newly synthesized proteins to transporters (protein translocases) present in three different membrane systems; the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane, the endoplasmic reticulum, and the chloroplast thylakoid membrane. Malfunction of the SRP targeting/translocation system in humans is implicated in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, diabetes mellitus, and colon cancer. In bacteria, SRP function is central to the success of bacterial pathogens. Complexities of SRP targeting continue to slow a detailed mechanistic model for how SRP targets and transfers proteins to translocation machinery located in the target membrane. Unique structural and functional features of the more recently discovered chloroplast SRP provide an unprecedented opportunity to examine the SRP targeting mechanism using tools and assays not available or not easily applied to other SRP-based targeting models. A transdisciplinary team led by Goforth and under the mentorship of Henry will apply advanced proteomics and protein structure analysis with more traditional molecular and biochemical approaches in order to (1) identify protein interactions between components of a SRP/receptor/translocase complex, (2) determine the structure of proteins critical for SRP to communicate with receptor and translocase, and (3) determine the function of specific protein/protein interactions in assays that reconstitute each step of the targeting/translocation mechanism. Completion of the proposed work will provide understanding of interactions that (i) are needed for targeting components to engage appropriate and available translocation machinery, (ii) regulate substrate release from SRP to the translocase, and (iii) control release of targeting components from the translocase. Our resulsts will broadly impact our understanding of the molecular machines that function in protein targeting and insertion. Moreover, insight gained through this transdisciplinary approach will provide needed comparative information to identify common mechanistic principals of SRP-based targeting. It is these common features that undoubtedly ensure faithful protein targeting and insertion despite evolutionary forces that have altered the SRP targeting/insertion machinery for efficient operation in a diverse array of organisms and cellular environments.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Exploratory Grants (P20)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-8 (01))
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University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Davis, Julie Eberle; Alghanmi, Arwa; Gundampati, Ravi Kumar et al. (2018) Probing the role of proline -135 on the structure, stability, and cell proliferation activity of human acidic fibroblast growth factor. Arch Biochem Biophys 654:115-125
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