This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. Proposed in this project is the development of a novel biosensor for the detection of colon cancer. Specifically, the design, synthesis and analysis of a series of Peptide-based Borono Lectins are described. These reagents will be able to detect cancer associated glycans in sera and ultimately on tissues. This project is being pursued because a number of glycans are abnormally expressed in colon cancer and the current methods for carbohydrate detection are cumbersome. The approach described herein, which combines proven and promising methods from the fields of protein chemistry, small molecule sensor design, and advanced optical processing techniques, will generate a novel and biocompatible diagnostic agent. This method takes advantage of Nature's own building blocks and binding scenarios (namely peptides and sugar-lectin interactions respectively), for the creation of a new diagnostic to detect glycans abnormally expressed in colon cancer. Use of a peptide backbone enables a highly modular approach capable of readily changing the geometry, valency and binding affinity of the lectin which allows for rapid access to several different binding scenarios within the sensor and therefore the ability to swiftly assay for new and different targets. Randomized peptide libraries incorporating phenyl boronic acids will be synthesized and used to screen for binding with a number of simple and complex cancer associated glycans. This is a high throughput combinatorial approach that is expected to lead to the identification of sugar-specific and cross-reactive lectins. These borono-lectins are conjugated to a solid support and as such will be used to generate a novel biosensor platform for the detection of abnormal levels of specific saccharides present in sera. Successful development of this proposal has the potential to revolutionize colon cancer diagnostics. In a number of disease states, including colon cancer, the levels and types of serum and cell surface glycans (i.e. sugars) are abnormal. This proposal takes a high throughput, combinatorial approach to generate and screen Peptide-based Borono-Lectins (PBLs) for specific saccharide recognition. Successful completion of this project will provide an efficient diagnostic test to simply and rapidly identify the presence and/or extent of colon cancer;thereby aiding the development of an appropriate therapeutic response. .

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Exploratory Grants (P20)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-5 (01))
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University of South Carolina at Columbia
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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