The Proteomics Core will target pathological processes associated with protein structures in aging systems. The emphasis will be on using mass spectrometry-based technologies and chemical methods to identify posttranslational protein modifications, such as phosphorylation or oxidative modification, which appear to play important roles in aging and age-related diseases. The Core will also carry out experiments involving high-throughput protein identification and protein expression changes, and defining protein-protein interaction networks in complex biological systems. These activities will extend the Buck Institute's role as a regional center of expertise in proteomics, particularly in applications to posttranslational modifications and protein-protein complexes. New methods have been developed by the Core for determining the proteomes of whole organelles (e.g., mitochondria), protein phosphorylation, cysteine redox status, and changes in protein structure using chemical crosslinking strategies (MS3D). The continued development and application of these methodologies will further enhance the Buck Institute's ability to serve as a regional or national resource for proteomics in aging systems. A key feature of our proposal is the exploitation of a new quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer for these proteomic applications. The 4000 QTRAP hybrid triple quadrupole-linear ion trap instrument will provide high sensitivity, enhanced resolution scanning and enhanced product ion scanning when operated in the linear ion trap mode, while also retaining all conventional triple quadrupole scanning modes, such as multiple reaction monitoring, neutral loss and precursor ion scanning. Together with existing resources and staff at the Institute, the proposed 'Proteomics in Aging Facility' will greatly enhance our efforts at detailing the molecular events in the proteome that underlie the complex aging process in cells, tissues and organisms, as well as for age-related diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30AG025708-02
Application #
7309934
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2006-07-01
Budget End
2007-06-30
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$63,031
Indirect Cost
Name
Buck Institute for Age Research
Department
Type
DUNS #
786502351
City
Novato
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94945
Guyenet, Stephan J; Mookerjee, Shona S; Lin, Amy et al. (2015) Proteolytic cleavage of ataxin-7 promotes SCA7 retinal degeneration and neurological dysfunction. Hum Mol Genet 24:3908-17
Chen, Di; Li, Patrick Wai-Lun; Goldstein, Benjamin A et al. (2013) Germline signaling mediates the synergistically prolonged longevity produced by double mutations in daf-2 and rsks-1 in C. elegans. Cell Rep 5:1600-10
Flynn, James M; Melov, Simon (2013) SOD2 in mitochondrial dysfunction and neurodegeneration. Free Radic Biol Med 62:4-12
Miller, John P; Yates, Bridget E; Al-Ramahi, Ismael et al. (2012) A genome-scale RNA-interference screen identifies RRAS signaling as a pathologic feature of Huntington's disease. PLoS Genet 8:e1003042
Flynn, James M; Czerwieniec, Gregg A; Choi, Sung W et al. (2012) Proteogenomics of synaptosomal mitochondrial oxidative stress. Free Radic Biol Med 53:1048-60
Goehring, Isabel; Gerencser, Akos A; Schmidt, Sara et al. (2012) Plasma membrane potential oscillations in insulin secreting Ins-1 832/13 cells do not require glycolysis and are not initiated by fluctuations in mitochondrial bioenergetics. J Biol Chem 287:15706-17
Katewa, Subhash D; Demontis, Fabio; Kolipinski, Marysia et al. (2012) Intramyocellular fatty-acid metabolism plays a critical role in mediating responses to dietary restriction in Drosophila melanogaster. Cell Metab 16:97-103
Mookerjee, Shona A; Brand, Martin D (2011) Characteristics of the turnover of uncoupling protein 3 by the ubiquitin proteasome system in isolated mitochondria. Biochim Biophys Acta 1807:1474-81
Powolny, Anna A; Singh, Shivendra V; Melov, Simon et al. (2011) The garlic constituent diallyl trisulfide increases the lifespan of C. elegans via skn-1 activation. Exp Gerontol 46:441-52
Flynn, James M; Choi, Sung W; Day, Nicholas U et al. (2011) Impaired spare respiratory capacity in cortical synaptosomes from Sod2 null mice. Free Radic Biol Med 50:866-73

Showing the most recent 10 out of 60 publications