The overall goal of the OAIC program is to increase scientific knowledge that will lead to effective ways to maintain or restore independence in older Americans. Innovative and appropriate analysis and data management methods are an important and necessary component to the scientific endeavor. A variety of designs, variables, hypotheses, and analyses will be explored, all with the common theme of 'Pathways to Disability'. An analysis core (AC) is proposed with 3 goals - (1) to provide an appropriate data management and analytic resources to the faculty, pilots, and projects in the Pepper Center, (2) to provide a resource in the measurement of physical performance, function, cognition, design and analysis so that appropriate measures will be employed using appropriately designed and analyzed experiments with appropriate conclusions, and (3) to develop innovative biostatistical analytic methodologies. To accomplish these goals, personnel with expertise and experience in data management, analysis, and measurement will direct activities in support ofthe overall Pepper. Both standard and innovative data management methods are proposed and employed, including standardization of analytic methods across studies and construction of data bases with common measures and variables. In addition to provision of technical analytic and data management support, the core will provide consultation, training and research support to the faculty ofthe Pepper Center. The core will also pursue methodologic goals of interest to statisticians and basic scientists. In particular, in order to develop valid and reproducible models ofthe relationship between biomarkers and function, several analytic considerations must be considered, including Type-1 error control for multiple testing, data aggregation, and measurement of change over time in several domains simultaneously. Working closely with the Biological Studies Core (RC2), we will focus on methods for examining trajectories of change in the biological and clinical expression of function, establish temporal ordering in these estimates, assessment of constancy of these relationships across studies, developing appropriate error structures for analysis given complex sampling schemes.

Public Health Relevance

The advancement of the scientific endeavor requires valid and appropriate data be measured and utilized, in appropriate designs, with appropriate analyses in order to test hypotheses and draw valid conclusions. If basic science questions relating function to biomarkers can be answered, then interventions which can raise the possibility of increasing functioning in older adults can be designed.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-8 (M1))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Duke University
United States
Zip Code
Gray, Shelly L; Hart, Laura A; Perera, Subashan et al. (2018) Meta-analysis of Interventions to Reduce Adverse Drug Reactions in Older Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 66:282-288
Belsky, Daniel W; Moffitt, Terrie E; Cohen, Alan A et al. (2018) Eleven Telomere, Epigenetic Clock, and Biomarker-Composite Quantifications of Biological Aging: Do They Measure the Same Thing? Am J Epidemiol 187:1220-1230
Colón-Emeric, Cathleen S; Corazzini, Kirsten N; McConnell, Eleanor S et al. (2018) Resident Vignettes for Assessing Care Quality in Nursing Homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc 19:405-410
Chan, Victor T T; Sun, Zihan; Tang, Shumin et al. (2018) Spectral-Domain OCT Measurements in Alzheimer's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ophthalmology :
Belsky, Daniel W; Domingue, Benjamin W; Wedow, Robbee et al. (2018) Genetic analysis of social-class mobility in five longitudinal studies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E7275-E7284
Noppert, G A; Aiello, A E; O'Rand, A M et al. (2018) Investigating pathogen burden in relation to a cumulative deficits index in a representative sample of US adults. Epidemiol Infect 146:1968-1976
Cary Jr, Michael P; Goode, Victoria; Crego, Nancy et al. (2018) Hospital Readmission in Total Hip Replacement Patients in 2009 and 2014. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 99:1213-1216
Furman, Bridgette D; Kent, Collin L; Huebner, Janet L et al. (2018) CXCL10 is upregulated in synovium and cartilage following articular fracture. J Orthop Res 36:1220-1227
Huynh, Frank K; Hu, Xiaoke; Lin, Zhihong et al. (2018) Loss of sirtuin 4 leads to elevated glucose- and leucine-stimulated insulin levels and accelerated age-induced insulin resistance in multiple murine genetic backgrounds. J Inherit Metab Dis 41:59-72
Huang, ZeYu; Huang, Cheng; Xie, JinWei et al. (2018) Analysis of a large data set to identify predictors of blood transfusion in primary total hip and knee arthroplasty. Transfusion 58:1855-1862

Showing the most recent 10 out of 469 publications