Experimental Therapeutics is the programmatic home for basic and clinical investigators involved in a broad spectrum of studies in cancer therapeutics. The goals of the program are: (1) to develop novel agents for the treatment of cancer based upon targets identified in this and other programs, (2) to improve the activities of established classes of drugs by structural modification and/or enhanced understanding of their pharmacological properties, (3) to develop more effective clinical therapeutic regimens within the context of disease-focused working groups. Preclinical drug development continues in the areas of transition-state inhibitors, novel microtubule-stabilizing agents, and a diverse spectrum of immunotherapeutics. Two transition-state inhibitors are now in clinical trials, one advanced. A third is moving forward to the clinic. A monoclonal antibody (moab) to melanin linked to 188-rhenium completed Phase I clinical trials for the treatment of advanced melanoma. Other moab-radionuclides are being developed targeting cervical and pancreatic cancers. An agent for the prevention of the dermatitis due to EGFR inhibitors recently entered a Phase II clinical trial. The spectrum of agents studied has broadened to encompassing aptamers, high-affinity antibodies, agents to block apoptotic pathways or targeted to surface glycans. Research in biologicals is focused on co-inhibitory elements within the immune synapse with the objective of developing agents that modulate tolerance, research activities supported by the expanding capabilities in protein production, synthetic chemistry, x-ray crystallography, NMR, and mass spectroscopy with bioinformatics and systems and computational biology support. Disease-focused working groups encompassing basic and clinical investigators have been expanded in breast, gynecological, lung, and head/neck cancers and in the hematological malignancies. Neuro-oncology and neuroendocrine tumors groups were recently formed. Recruitment of clinical and translational researchers has been enhanced by a recently funded Paul Calabresi Career Development Award for Clinical Oncology Scholars. Access to patients for clinical trials has been enhanced at the affiliated Montefiore Medical Center by the creation of the multidisciplinary Montefiore-Einstein Center for Cancer Care and the recruitment of a cadre of clinician investigators. AECC members play important roles in ECOG-ATRIN, GOG, COG, and the AIDS Malignancy Consortium. There are currently 54 members from 23 departments, supported by 10 NCI grants ($2.6M Direct) and 21 other peer-reviewed cancer-relevant grants ($10.2M Direct). Since the last CCSG review there have been 537 cancer-relevant research papers by members of this program of which 29% represent intraprogrammatic, and 27% represent interprogrammatic publications.

Public Health Relevance

The goal of this program is to develop drugs that are effective in the treatment of cancer. Drugs are designed to inhibit specific target sites within cancer cells. In another approach antibodies linked to radioactive chemicals are targeted to tumor cells. Other studies are exploring the mechanisms by which tumor cells escape immune attack in order to identifying drugs that enhance the immune response to tumors. Groups of physicians focus on specific cancers to develop new therapies with anticancer drugs and radiation.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Subcommittee B - Comprehensiveness (NCI)
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Albert Einstein College of Medicine
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Anayannis, Nicole V; Schlecht, Nicolas F; Ben-Dayan, Miriam et al. (2018) Association of an intact E2 gene with higher HPV viral load, higher viral oncogene expression, and improved clinical outcome in HPV16 positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. PLoS One 13:e0191581
Stepankova, Martina; Bartonkova, Iveta; Jiskrova, Eva et al. (2018) Methylindoles and Methoxyindoles are Agonists and Antagonists of Human Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor. Mol Pharmacol 93:631-644
Maggi, Elaine C; Gravina, Silvia; Cheng, Haiying et al. (2018) Development of a Method to Implement Whole-Genome Bisulfite Sequencing of cfDNA from Cancer Patients and a Mouse Tumor Model. Front Genet 9:6
Ingram, Jessica R; Blomberg, Olga S; Rashidian, Mohammad et al. (2018) Anti-CTLA-4 therapy requires an Fc domain for efficacy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:3912-3917
Dulyaninova, Natalya G; Ruiz, Penelope D; Gamble, Matthew J et al. (2018) S100A4 regulates macrophage invasion by distinct myosin-dependent and myosin-independent mechanisms. Mol Biol Cell 29:632-642
Chen, Zigui; Schiffman, Mark; Herrero, Rolando et al. (2018) Classification and evolution of human papillomavirus genome variants: Alpha-5 (HPV26, 51, 69, 82), Alpha-6 (HPV30, 53, 56, 66), Alpha-11 (HPV34, 73), Alpha-13 (HPV54) and Alpha-3 (HPV61). Virology 516:86-101
Heo, Moonseong; Kim, Namhee; Rinke, Michael L et al. (2018) Sample size determinations for stepped-wedge clinical trials from a three-level data hierarchy perspective. Stat Methods Med Res 27:480-489
Kunnath-Velayudhan, Shajo; Porcelli, Steven A (2018) Isolation of intact RNA from murine CD4+ T cells after intracellular cytokine staining and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. J Immunol Methods 456:77-80
Zamurrad, Sumaira; Hatch, Hayden A M; Drelon, Coralie et al. (2018) A Drosophila Model of Intellectual Disability Caused by Mutations in the Histone Demethylase KDM5. Cell Rep 22:2359-2369
Sparano, Joseph A (2018) Prognostic gene expression assays in breast cancer: are two better than one? NPJ Breast Cancer 4:11

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