The long-term goal of the Cancer Genetics and Epigenetics (CGE) Program is to pursue basic research on fundamental cellular processes relevant to cancer biology and to seek opportunities for translating the resulting information into clinical use. To this end, the following Specific Goals will be pursued: 1. Identify the molecular processes by which genomic instability is generated and contributes to oncogenesis;2. Explore how epigenetic modifications of DMA and chromatin influence tumor initiation and progression;and 3. Elucidate the mechanisms underlying control of cell division and ascertain how these mechanisms are abrogated in cancer. The CGE Program is one of the two Basic Science Programs of the HICCC. In replacing the former Developmental Biology &Genetics Program it has been restructured to increase cancer relevance, and the heightened cancer focus of the new CGE Program is reflected by a 400% increase in NCI funding. The Program pursues its scientific goals by promoting interactions among CGE investigators and with other HICCC members, encouraging collaborative research projects and joint grant proposals, and providing a forum in which CGE investigators share their latest discoveries and consider the clinical value of their basic research findings. Potential clinical applications include identification and analysis of environmental toxins, modified therapeutic regimens to accommodate """"""""radiation bystander"""""""" effects, development of biodosimetry, use of nanofluidic cassettes (""""""""biochips"""""""") in diagnostic/predictive laboratory assays (including monitoring therapeutic responses), high-throughput screening to identify small molecules that modulate malignant processes, and pre-clinical testing of these molecules for therapeutic effects. The CGE Program consists of 32 members (all full members of the HICCC) from eleven departments at Columbia University. The Program is supported by several collaborative efforts, including a recently renewed, five-year $5.2M (direct costs) program project grant from the NCI entitled """"""""Radiation Bystander Effects: Mechanisms"""""""" (P.I., Tom Hei). For the last budget year of the grant (July 1, 2006 - June.30, 2007), the CGE Program received a total of $17.12M (direct costs) in cancer-relevant grant support, including $3.69M (direct costs) in NCI funding, $12.95M (direct costs) in other cancer-related peer-reviewed funding, and $0.48M (direct costs) in cancer-related non-peer-reviewed funding. The total number of cancer-related publications by the current Program members since the previous submission (i.e., 2003-present) was 330, with 17.0% inter-programmatic and 12.4% intra-programmatic publications.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
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Columbia University (N.Y.)
New York
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Ghorpade, Devram S; Ozcan, Lale; Zheng, Ze et al. (2018) Hepatocyte-secreted DPP4 in obesity promotes adipose inflammation and insulin resistance. Nature 555:673-677
Jauregui, Ruben; Thomas, Amanda L; Liechty, Benjamin et al. (2018) SCAPER-associated nonsyndromic autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa. Am J Med Genet A :
Jauregui, Ruben; Park, Karen Sophia; Duong, Jimmy K et al. (2018) Quantitative Comparison of Near-infrared Versus Short-wave Autofluorescence Imaging in Monitoring Progression of Retinitis Pigmentosa. Am J Ophthalmol 194:120-125
Bianchetti, E; Bates, S J; Carroll, S L et al. (2018) Usp9X Regulates Cell Death in Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors. Sci Rep 8:17390
Shang, Enyuan; Zhang, Yiru; Shu, Chang et al. (2018) Dual Inhibition of Bcl-2/Bcl-xL and XPO1 is synthetically lethal in glioblastoma model systems. Sci Rep 8:15383
Proto, Jonathan D; Doran, Amanda C; Subramanian, Manikandan et al. (2018) Hypercholesterolemia induces T cell expansion in humanized immune mice. J Clin Invest 128:2370-2375
Apatoff, Mary Ben L; Sengillo, Jesse D; White, Eugenia C et al. (2018) Autologous stem cell therapy for inherited and acquired retinal disease. Regen Med 13:89-96
Shen, Megan Johnson; Prigerson, Holly G; Ratshikana-Moloko, Mpho et al. (2018) Illness Understanding and End-of-Life Care Communication and Preferences for Patients With Advanced Cancer in South Africa. J Glob Oncol :1-9
Connors, Thomas J; Baird, J Scott; Yopes, Margot C et al. (2018) Developmental Regulation of Effector and Resident Memory T Cell Generation during Pediatric Viral Respiratory Tract Infection. J Immunol 201:432-439
Billing, David; Horiguchi, Michiko; Wu-Baer, Foon et al. (2018) The BRCT Domains of the BRCA1 and BARD1 Tumor Suppressors Differentially Regulate Homology-Directed Repair and Stalled Fork Protection. Mol Cell 72:127-139.e8

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