The Immunology and Cancer (IC) Program has been an integral part of the UCCCC for more than 25 years. It has 22 members from 6 Departments, and is supported by a total of $13,081,506 in annual peer reviewed funding (direct costs), of which $2,351,962 comes from the NCI. Over the previous funding period (encompassing 4 years). Program members have produced a total of 219 peer-reviewed cancer relevant publications, with 29% published in the highest impact journals;18% of these were interprogrammatic and 9% were intraprogrammatic. The broad goals of the Immunology and Cancer Program are to understand the interface between the host immune system and a malignant tumor and, ultimately, to manipulate that interaction to promote immune-mediated tumor destruction in patients with cancer. It is well established that tumors can express antigens that can be recognized by specific T cells or antibodies. Identifying the reasons why a given cancer is not eliminated spontaneously should highlight the major barriers that need to be overcome in order to restore immune control over the tumor. The research themes of the program focus on understanding the mechanisms of innate immune activation and productive antigen presentation;activation and differentiation of lymphocytes into effector/memory states;trafficking into inflamed target tissues and control of local inflammation;and overcoming mechanisms of peripheral immune tolerance. Basic concepts are integrated into mouse preclinical tumor models, and novel clinical trials are performed to capitalize on this new knowledge translationally, many in collaboration with clinical investigators outside of the Program. The clinical/translational effort is supported by several key Core Facilities, in particular the Human Immunologic Monitoring-cGMP Facility. By incorporating detailed scientific endpoint monitoring into clinical studies, new key information is generated that has led to the development of new hypothesess that are interrogated back in the laboratory. Thus, the Immunology and Cancer Program is a clear example of bi-directional translational research.
A deeper understanding of the regulation of the host immune response against tumors has led to new immunotherapy approaches for the treatment of cancer. The recent FDA approval of ipilimumab for melanoma has generated a paradigm shift for the field. Furthering our basic knowledge in this arena and continuing the development of novel immunotherapies should translate into more durable clinical outcomes.
|Hope, C Matthew; Webber, Jemma L; Tokamov, Sherzod A et al. (2018) Tuned polymerization of the transcription factor Yan limits off-DNA sequestration to confer context-specific repression. Elife 7:|
|Wong, Gabrielle S; Zhou, Jin; Liu, Jie Bin et al. (2018) Targeting wild-type KRAS-amplified gastroesophageal cancer through combined MEK and SHP2 inhibition. Nat Med 24:968-977|
|Wu, Chengyue; Pineda, Federico; Hormuth 2nd, David A et al. (2018) Quantitative analysis of vascular properties derived from ultrafast DCE-MRI to discriminate malignant and benign breast tumors. Magn Reson Med :|
|Meisel, Marlies; Hinterleitner, Reinhard; Pacis, Alain et al. (2018) Microbial signals drive pre-leukaemic myeloproliferation in a Tet2-deficient host. Nature 557:580-584|
|Ni, Kaiyuan; Lan, Guangxu; Chan, Christina et al. (2018) Nanoscale metal-organic frameworks enhance radiotherapy to potentiate checkpoint blockade immunotherapy. Nat Commun 9:2351|
|Wei, Jiangbo; Liu, Fange; Lu, Zhike et al. (2018) Differential m6A, m6Am, and m1A Demethylation Mediated by FTO in the Cell Nucleus and Cytoplasm. Mol Cell 71:973-985.e5|
|Webber, Jemma L; Zhang, Jie; Massey, Alex et al. (2018) Collaborative repressive action of the antagonistic ETS transcription factors Pointed and Yan fine-tunes gene expression to confer robustness in Drosophila. Development 145:|
|Szmulewitz, Russell Z; Peer, Cody J; Ibraheem, Abiola et al. (2018) Prospective International Randomized Phase II Study of Low-Dose Abiraterone With Food Versus Standard Dose Abiraterone In Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. J Clin Oncol 36:1389-1395|
|Boisclair Lachance, Jean-François; Webber, Jemma L; Hong, Lu et al. (2018) Cooperative recruitment of Yan via a high-affinity ETS supersite organizes repression to confer specificity and robustness to cardiac cell fate specification. Genes Dev 32:389-401|
|Kudron, Michelle M; Victorsen, Alec; Gevirtzman, Louis et al. (2018) The ModERN Resource: Genome-Wide Binding Profiles for Hundreds of Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans Transcription Factors. Genetics 208:937-949|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 668 publications