The Environmental and Molecular Carcinogenesis Program integrates 27 investigators (24 full members and 3 associate members) from several different departments on NYU campuses of Sterling Forest and the School of Medicine, sharing a common interest in understanding the Environmental causes of cancer. The overall goal of the Program is to understand the environmental etiology of cancer and to use this information for cancer prevention and early detection. The EMC Research Program focuses on the following goals: (1) Identifying the mechanisms of action for environmental carcinogens, with a strong focus on inorganic compounds, such as arsenic, nickel, chromium, and cadmium by investigating their effects on the structure and function of cellular macromolecules;(2) The formation of reactive oxygen species, their biochemistry, and the biological effects that might result from their cellular interactions;(3) The mutational specificity of carcinogens and the site-specific mutagenesis of particular DNA lesions, the molecular basis for genetic susceptibility to environmental agents, the effects of hormones on gene expression, carcinogenesis, and chemoprevention;and (4) Epigenetic mechanisms of carcinogenesis. To achieve these goals, research in this Program is divided thematically into four groups: 1) DNA adducts, DNA Damage and Repair;2) Carcinogenesis and Animal Models;3) Early Detection and Chemoprevention;and 4) Cell Signaling and Epigenetic Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis. Drs. Max Costa and William Rom are the Co-Leaders for this Program. Total funding decreased from $17,628,704 to $7,570,910 since the last competitive application. Membership has decreased from 47 to 28. Publications for the period total 323, of which 17% are intraprogrammatic, 16.1% are inter-programmatic, and 4% are both intra- and inter-programmatic collaborations.

Public Health Relevance

The Environmental and Molecular Carcinogenesis Program integrates investigators whose research aims to understand the environmental etiology of cancer and to use this information for cancer prevention and early detection, with the ultimate goal of reducing the risk of cancer occurrence and death and improving the quality of life of cancer survivors.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30CA016087-34
Application #
8765169
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
34
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$14,613
Indirect Cost
$5,992
Name
New York University
Department
Type
DUNS #
121911077
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10016
Xu, Yang; Taylor, Paul; Andrade, Joshua et al. (2018) Pathologic Oxidation of PTPN12 Underlies ABL1 Phosphorylation in Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma. Cancer Res 78:6539-6548
Gagner, Jean-Pierre; Zagzag, David (2018) Probing Glioblastoma Tissue Heterogeneity with Laser Capture Microdissection. Methods Mol Biol 1741:209-220
Tsay, Jun-Chieh J; Wu, Benjamin G; Badri, Michelle H et al. (2018) Airway Microbiota Is Associated with Upregulation of the PI3K Pathway in Lung Cancer. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 198:1188-1198
Martin, Patricia K; Marchiando, Amanda; Xu, Ruliang et al. (2018) Autophagy proteins suppress protective type I interferon signalling in response to the murine gut microbiota. Nat Microbiol 3:1131-1141
Coux, Rémi-Xavier; Teixeira, Felipe Karam; Lehmann, Ruth (2018) L(3)mbt and the LINT complex safeguard cellular identity in the Drosophila ovary. Development 145:
de la Parra, Columba; Ernlund, Amanda; Alard, Amandine et al. (2018) A widespread alternate form of cap-dependent mRNA translation initiation. Nat Commun 9:3068
Fanok, Melania H; Sun, Amy; Fogli, Laura K et al. (2018) Role of Dysregulated Cytokine Signaling and Bacterial Triggers in the Pathogenesis of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma. J Invest Dermatol 138:1116-1125
Patibandla, Jay R; Fehniger, Julia E; Levine, Douglas A et al. (2018) Small cell cancers of the female genital tract: Molecular and clinical aspects. Gynecol Oncol 149:420-427
Harper, Lamia; Balasubramanian, Divya; Ohneck, Elizabeth A et al. (2018) Staphylococcus aureus Responds to the Central Metabolite Pyruvate To Regulate Virulence. MBio 9:
Berger, Ashton C; Korkut, Anil; Kanchi, Rupa S et al. (2018) A Comprehensive Pan-Cancer Molecular Study of Gynecologic and Breast Cancers. Cancer Cell 33:690-705.e9

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