The Tumor Biology and Microenvironment (TBM) Program aims to eradicate cancer by identifying the cellular and molecular mechanisms that drive interactions between tumors and their microenvironments, and develop and test innovative diagnostic and treatment strategies. This highly integrated program includes 36 members from 16 WSU departments and $14,193,608 in grants, of which $5,908,215 is peer reviewed. The Program goals are addressed with three themes that encompass basic, preclinical, and clinical research. The first theme identifies and exploits the mechanisms that confer phenotypical plasticity and survival of tumor cells in tumor progression. Translational research is conducted to evaluate the potential clinical application of these molecular determinants as tumor markers and/or therapeutic targets. The second theme identifies and exploits the mechanisms that confer the unhealable wounding of tumor stroma. Our investigators identify and characterize factors in an extracellular proteolysis and signaling network that enable tumor cells to adapt to and subvert the microenvironment in the development of bone metastases. Key molecules in this network are evaluated to determine if they can be used to predict cancer progression and treatment outcomes. The third theme identifies and exploits the host immune response to tumor progression. Bispecific antibody-armed activated T-cells are tested in solid tumors and hematologic malignancies in the context of chemotherapy or high dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. Anti-tumor DNA vaccines are developed and tested using mouse and domesticated cat models. Our investigators study immune modulators and inhibitors of adverse pro-inflammatory responses. Our members also develop novel vehicles to deliver immunotherapeutic agents. TBM Program members actively collaborate with members of the MI, MT, and PSDR Programs at KCI. Of the 612 manuscripts published from December 2010 to November 2014, 44% and 38% were intra- and inter-programmatic, respectively, and 27% were multi-institutional collaborations.
In 2014, there were an estimated 1,665,540 new cancer cases diagnosed and 585,720 cancer deaths in the United States. Cancer remains the second most common cause of death in the US, accounting for nearly 1 of every 4 deaths (source: American Cancer Society). The Karmanos Cancer Institute is a unique, urban-based integrated center of research, patient care and education, dedicated to the prevention, early detection, treatment and eventual eradication of cancer. Key to achieving this mission is KCI's research effort which is conducted among four interdisciplinary Programs, organized to integrate basic, translational, and clinical research with population research-based cancer control activities.
|Mitrea, Cristina; Wijesinghe, Priyanga; Dyson, Greg et al. (2018) Integrating 5hmC and gene expression data to infer regulatory mechanisms. Bioinformatics 34:1441-1447|
|Ma, Huiyan; Ursin, Giske; Xu, Xinxin et al. (2018) Body mass index at age 18 years and recent body mass index in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes in white women and African-American women: a pooled analysis. Breast Cancer Res 20:5|
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|Simon, Michael S; Beebe-Dimmer, Jennifer L; Hastert, Theresa A et al. (2018) Cardiometabolic risk factors and survival after breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer 124:1798-1807|
|Bock, Cathryn H; Jay, Allison M; Dyson, Gregory et al. (2018) The effect of genetic variants on the relationship between statins and breast cancer in postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative observational study. Breast Cancer Res Treat 167:741-749|
|Hastert, T A; de Oliveira Otto, M C; Lê-Scherban, F et al. (2018) Association of plasma phospholipid polyunsaturated and trans fatty acids with body mass index: results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Int J Obes (Lond) 42:433-440|
|Heyza, Joshua; Lei, Wen; Watza, Donovan et al. (2018) Identification and characterization of synthetic viability with ERCC1 deficiency in response to interstrand crosslinks in lung cancer. Clin Cancer Res :|
|Mittal, Sandeep; Klinger, Neil V; Michelhaugh, Sharon K et al. (2018) Alternating electric tumor treating fields for treatment of glioblastoma: rationale, preclinical, and clinical studies. J Neurosurg 128:414-421|
|Park, Hyo K; Schildkraut, Joellen M; Alberg, Anthony J et al. (2018) Benign gynecologic conditions are associated with ovarian cancer risk in African-American women: a case-control study. Cancer Causes Control 29:1081-1091|
|Su, Yongwei; Li, Xinyu; Ma, Jun et al. (2018) Targeting PI3K, mTOR, ERK, and Bcl-2 signaling network shows superior antileukemic activity against AML ex vivo. Biochem Pharmacol 148:13-26|
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