The scientific goal of the Cancer Biology program (CB) is to understand the molecular mechanisms that define normal and neoplastic cell growth in order to identify and characterize molecules, pathways and processes that are involved in tumor development, growth and progression. CB is a new program that represents the basic science initiatives of KUCC and is unified by member utilization of molecular, biochemical, and cell-based approaches that study the aberrant behavior of cancer cells. The overarching goal of CB is to catalyze collaborations that promote basic discoveries that can be translated from bench-to-bedside.
The Specific Aims of CB are 1) to promote collaboration that enhances discovery of the cellular, molecular and biochemical mechanisms that underlie tumor development, progression and malignant behavior;and 2) to leverage basic science discoveries to inspire pre-clinical and clinical development of novel cancer therapies. CB has 32 full members and 11 associate members, representing all KUCC institutions. Even at this early stage of KUCC growth, CB has garnered $17 million in cancer-related, peer-reviewed funding, of which $1.9 million was from NCI and $15.1 was from other peer-review sponsors. From 2006-2010, members published 250 cancer-relevant, peer-reviewed papers which were cited 2904 times (average 10.8 citations/publication) of which 7% were the result of inter-programmatic interactions and 15% from intra-programmatic interactions. In addition, CB program members accounted for 10.2% of the usage of the Biospecimen Shared Resource, 7.09% of the usage of the Biostatistics &Informatics Shared Resource, and 8.57% of the usage of the Lead Development &Optimization Shared Resource in 2010. CB is jointly led by Yvonne Wan and Linheng Li, who bring complementary scientific expertise, growing leadership experience, and diverse institutional representation. They will work closely with Danny R. Welch, Associate Director for Basic Science. CB has taken advantage of historical strengths at KUMC, KU-Lawrence and the Stowers Institute in liver, Gl, kidney and hematopoietic tumors. Recent recruitments have expanded those initiatives to include breast, HNSCC, and osteosarcoma research. In addition to a disease-based thematic organization, CB members have expertise that can be organized into four discipline-based themes - Chromatin Organization and Transcriptional Regulation, Signaling Pathways and Development, Cancer Cell Biology and Stem Cell Biology;and Cell Proliferation, Differentiation and Death,

Public Health Relevance

Collaborative, interdisciplinary, discovery-oriented basic cancer research will identify new targets that can be used for prognostic and therapeutic objectives. Further understanding of cancer will lead to introduction of new cancer drugs which will continue to have significant impact on the care, survival and quality of life of cancer patients.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
1P30CA168524-01
Application #
8557658
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
2012-07-11
Project End
2017-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-11
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$23,720
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Kansas
Department
Type
DUNS #
016060860
City
Kansas City
State
KS
Country
United States
Zip Code
66160
Gonzalez, Velda J; Abbas-Aghababazadeh, Farnoosh; Fridley, Brooke L et al. (2018) Expression of Sestrin Genes in Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer and Its Association With Fatigue: A Proof-of-Concept Study. Biol Res Nurs 20:218-226
Young, Eric D; Strom, Kyle; Tsue, Ashley F et al. (2018) Automated quantitative image analysis for ex vivo metastasis assays reveals differing lung composition requirements for metastasis suppression by KISS1. Clin Exp Metastasis 35:77-86
Trinca, Gloria M; Hagan, Christy R (2018) O-GlcNAcylation in women's cancers: breast, endometrial and ovarian. J Bioenerg Biomembr 50:199-204
Kumar, Dhruv; Yalamanchali, Sreeya; New, Jacob et al. (2018) Development and Characterization of an In Vitro Model for Radiation-Induced Fibrosis. Radiat Res 189:326-336
Grieshober, Laurie; Graw, Stefan; Barnett, Matt J et al. (2018) Methylation-derived Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Lung Cancer Risk in Heavy Smokers. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 11:727-734
Crooker, Kyle; Aliani, Rana; Ananth, Megha et al. (2018) A Review of Promising Natural Chemopreventive Agents for Head and Neck Cancer. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 11:441-450
Gonzalez-Mercado, Velda J; Fridley, Brooke L; Saligan, Leorey N (2018) Sestrin family of genes and their role in cancer-related fatigue. Support Care Cancer 26:2071-2074
Rebbeck, Timothy R (see original citation for additional authors) (2018) Mutational spectrum in a worldwide study of 29,700 families with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. Hum Mutat 39:593-620
Roy, Anuradha (2018) Early Probe and Drug Discovery in Academia: A Minireview. High Throughput 7:
Lea, Wendy A; Parnell, Stephen C; Wallace, Darren P et al. (2018) Human-Specific Abnormal Alternative Splicing of Wild-Type PKD1 Induces Premature Termination of Polycystin-1. J Am Soc Nephrol 29:2482-2492

Showing the most recent 10 out of 177 publications