Theoretical Synthesis CoreBrief AbstractThe Theoretical Synthesis Core will serve as a resource to the Center, practitioners, and the internationalresearch community in terms of theoretical integration, training and development. We will provideinterdisciplinary-theory-based training and consultation to CDUHR staff who are developing researchproposals, analyzing data, writing papers and reports, or preparing intervention or policy plans. We will work todevelop new and useful ways to theorize processes and causal relationships within and across disciplines(including the fields of social sciences, behavioral research, epidemiology, infectious diseases, medicine andviral evolution) and levels of analysis that will help us understand and intervene in the epidemics of HIV andother infectious diseases among drug users and their communities. As we develop such theories, and as webecome aware of useful theoretical developments elsewhere in the field, we will disseminate them withinCDUHR and to local, national and international practitioners, affected populations, researchers and policymakers.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZDA1-RXL-E (02))
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National Development & Research Institutes
New York
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Barnes, David M; Des Jarlais, Don C; Wolff, Margaret et al. (2018) A qualitative study of persons who inject drugs but who have never helped others with first injections: how their views on helping contrast with the views of persons who have helped with first injections, and implications for interventions. Harm Reduct J 15:43
Palamar, Joseph J; Le, Austin; Mateu-Gelabert, Pedro (2018) Not just heroin: Extensive polysubstance use among US high school seniors who currently use heroin. Drug Alcohol Depend 188:377-384
Tempalski, Barbara; Cooper, Hannah L F; Kelley, Mary E et al. (2018) Identifying Which Place Characteristics are Associated with the Odds of Recent HIV Testing in a Large Sample of People Who Inject Drugs in 19 US Metropolitan Areas. AIDS Behav :
Umbach, Rebecca; Raine, Adrian; Leonard, Noelle R (2018) Cognitive Decline as a Result of Incarceration and the Effects of a CBT/MT Intervention: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. Crim Justice Behav 45:31-55
Mateu-Gelabert, Pedro; Guarino, H; Quinn, K et al. (2018) Young Drug Users: a Vulnerable Population and an Underutilized Resource in HIV/HCV Prevention. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep :
Gwadz, Marya; Leonard, Noelle R; Honig, Sylvie et al. (2018) Doing battle with ""the monster:"" how high-risk heterosexuals experience and successfully manage HIV stigma as a barrier to HIV testing. Int J Equity Health 17:46
Werb, Dan; Bluthenthal, R N; Kolla, G et al. (2018) Preventing Injection Drug use Initiation: State of the Evidence and Opportunities for the Future. J Urban Health 95:91-98
Hammett, Theodore M; Trang, Nguyen Thu; Oanh, Khuat Thi Hai et al. (2018) The relationship between health policy and public health interventions: a case study of the DRIVE project to ""end"" the HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs in Haiphong, Vietnam. J Public Health Policy 39:217-230
Uusk├╝la, Anneli; Raag, Mait; Vorobjov, Sigrid et al. (2018) Another frontier for harm reduction: contraceptive needs of females who inject drugs in Estonia, a cross-sectional study. Harm Reduct J 15:10
Campbell, Aimee N C; Wolff, Margaret; Weaver, Laurel et al. (2018) ""It's Never Just About the HIV:"" HIV Primary Care Providers' Perception of Substance Use in the Era of ""Universal"" Antiretroviral Medication Treatment. AIDS Behav 22:1006-1017

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