The Genetic Susceptibility Research Core seeks to elucidate the relative contributions of genetic variants to human risk of environmental disease. There are two broad areas of research into how genes affect the occurrence of environmental disease. One is primarily epidemiologic in approach, using association studies to link the incidence of disease with a particular genetic polymorphism or set of polymorphisms. A second research pathway studies familial cancer genes, which have been identified primarily by genetic linkage analyses. These two approaches thus integrate the efforts of epidemiological scientists with those of molecular biological-based investigators in the evaluation of how changes in cell cycle check points and DNA repair mechanisms can lead to disease phenotypes, particularly those involving various cancers. The Core has five objectives. The first is to support and expand collaborative research in genetic susceptibility utilizing state-of-the-art laboratory methods and rigorously designed epidemiologic approaches. The second is to integrate, on a regular basis, researchers in mechanisms of DNA damage and repair and epidemiologists involved in field studies of gene/environment interactions in carcinogenesis. The third is to promote the integration of molecular genetics into the areas of reproductive, pediatric, pulmonary, and cardiovascular disease research. The fourth is to foster dialogue regarding policy implications of genetic-testing technology and results of genetic research. The final objective is to stimulate new collaborations through pilot projects.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
2P30ES010126-05
Application #
6875449
Study Section
Environmental Health Sciences Review Committee (EHS)
Project Start
2005-04-01
Project End
2010-03-31
Budget Start
2005-04-01
Budget End
2006-03-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2005
Total Cost
$19,836
Indirect Cost
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
Type
DUNS #
608195277
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
Zheng, Xiaojing; O'Connell, Catherine M; Zhong, Wujuan et al. (2018) Discovery of Blood Transcriptional Endotypes in Women with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. J Immunol 200:2941-2956
Orlow, Irene; Shi, Yang; Kanetsky, Peter A et al. (2018) The interaction between vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and sun exposure around time of diagnosis influences melanoma survival. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 31:287-296
Herceg, Zdenko; Ghantous, Akram; Wild, Christopher P et al. (2018) Roadmap for investigating epigenome deregulation and environmental origins of cancer. Int J Cancer 142:874-882
Tappata, Manaswita; Eluri, Swathi; Perjar, Irina et al. (2018) Association of mast cells with clinical, endoscopic, and histologic findings in adults with eosinophilic esophagitis. Allergy 73:2088-2092
Little, Michael S; Pellock, Samuel J; Walton, William G et al. (2018) Structural basis for the regulation of ?-glucuronidase expression by human gut Enterobacteriaceae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E152-E161
Hoffman, Kate; Stapleton, Heather M; Lorenzo, Amelia et al. (2018) Prenatal exposure to organophosphates and associations with birthweight and gestational length. Environ Int 116:248-254
Bhatt, Aadra P; Gunasekara, Dulan B; Speer, Jennifer et al. (2018) Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug-Induced Leaky Gut Modeled Using Polarized Monolayers of Primary Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells. ACS Infect Dis 4:46-52
Anderson, Chelsea; Milne, Ginger L; Park, Yong-Moon Mark et al. (2018) Cardiovascular disease risk factors and oxidative stress among premenopausal women. Free Radic Biol Med 115:246-251
Butler, EboneƩ N; Bensen, Jeannette T; Chen, Mengjie et al. (2018) Prediagnostic Smoking Is Associated with Binary and Quantitative Measures of ER Protein and ESR1 mRNA Expression in Breast Tumors. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 27:67-74
Laudermilk, Lucas T; Thomas, Joseph M; Kelada, Samir N (2018) Differential Regulation of Zfp30 Expression in Murine Airway Epithelia Through Altered Binding of ZFP148 to rs51434084. G3 (Bethesda) 8:687-693

Showing the most recent 10 out of 1900 publications