Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transitional state between normal cognitive function and dementia. Depression frequently co-occurs with MCI and each increases the risk of developing the other.(192-196) Cognitive loss may act as a stressor (much like any chronic and potentially progressive medical illness), associated with a constellation of psychosocial factors that have been linked to increased depression risk.(197199) Once older adults develop major depression, multiple pathologic mechanisms (i.e., vascular, neurodegenerative, stress hormone toxicity(200-201) likely mediated by neuroinflammation, increase the risk of cognitive decline (in the case of depression risk of progression to dementia is doubled).(202)

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30MH090333-03
Application #
8465286
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-F)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-05-01
Budget End
2014-04-30
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$182,409
Indirect Cost
$87,899
Name
University of Pittsburgh
Department
Type
DUNS #
004514360
City
Pittsburgh
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
15213
Wei, Wenjing; Karim, Helmet T; Lin, Chemin et al. (2018) Trajectories in Cerebral Blood Flow Following Antidepressant Treatment in Late-Life Depression: Support for the Vascular Depression Hypothesis. J Clin Psychiatry 79:
Karim, Helmet T; Wang, Maxwell; Andreescu, Carmen et al. (2018) Acute trajectories of neural activation predict remission to pharmacotherapy in late-life depression. Neuroimage Clin 19:831-839
Rodakowski, Juleen; Reynolds 3rd, Charles F; Lopez, Oscar L et al. (2018) Developing a Non-Pharmacological Intervention for Individuals With Mild Cognitive Impairment. J Appl Gerontol 37:665-676
Miller, Rachel G; Anderson, Stewart J; Costacou, Tina et al. (2018) Hemoglobin A1c Level and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence in Persons With Type 1 Diabetes: An Application of Joint Modeling of Longitudinal and Time-to-Event Data in the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study. Am J Epidemiol 187:1520-1529
Gebara, Marie Anne; DiNapoli, Elizabeth A; Kasckow, John et al. (2018) Specific depressive symptoms predict remission to aripiprazole augmentation in late-life treatment resistant depression. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 33:e330-e335
Okereke, Olivia I; Reynolds 3rd, Charles F; Mischoulon, David et al. (2018) The VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL-Depression Endpoint Prevention (VITAL-DEP): Rationale and design of a large-scale ancillary study evaluating vitamin D and marine omega-3 fatty acid supplements for prevention of late-life depression. Contemp Clin Trials 68:133-145
Gebara, Marie Anne; Kasckow, John; Smagula, Stephen F et al. (2018) The role of late life depressive symptoms on the trajectories of insomnia symptoms during antidepressant treatment. J Psychiatr Res 96:162-166
Cohen, Alex; Dias, Amit; Azariah, Fredric et al. (2018) Aging and well-being in Goa, India: a qualitative study. Aging Ment Health 22:168-174
Chen, Jie; Bloodworth, Robin; Novak, Priscilla et al. (2018) Reducing Preventable Hospitalization and Disparity: Association With Local Health Department Mental Health Promotion Activities. Am J Prev Med 54:103-112
Leyhe, Thomas; Reynolds 3rd, Charles F; Melcher, Tobias et al. (2017) A common challenge in older adults: Classification, overlap, and therapy of depression and dementia. Alzheimers Dement 13:59-71

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