This application is a competitive renewal of """"""""A Squirrel Monkey Breeding and Research Resource"""""""" (SMBRR), which has received continuous NCRR support since 1980. The overall goals of this project are to provide a national research resource of squirrel monkeys and their tissues, and to carry out research leading to a better understanding of squirrel monkey biology and research uses. This project has evolved over the years into the only breeding resource of squirrel monkeys in the United States available to NIH grantees. This has led to the development of a research and management group with expertise on reproduction, diseases, and basic biology of the squirrel monkey. The project meets biomedical research needs in three ways. First, it provides a national research resource of laboratory-born squirrel monkeys. Second, our research activities continue to add new information about the biology of squirrel monkeys with particular emphasis on reproductive biology and colony management. Third, the resource provides tissues, biological fluids, and squirrel monkey cell lines to investigators throughout the country, thus reducing the need for additional living animals. The scarcity of squirrel monkeys for research and difficulties associated with captive breeding experienced by most laboratories emphasize the need to continue research into the reproductive biology, social behavior, veterinary medical care, and husbandry management of this genus. These areas of investigation have been integrated into a multidisciplinary program designed to meet the needs of the breeding resource and investigators who use the resources of the SMBRR. In this way, a self-sustaining supply of squirrel monkeys has been established for biomedical research, and our understanding of the basic biology of squirrel monkeys continues to grow. Over the past 23 years, much of our research has focused on characterization of the natural reproductive processes and diseases of squirrel monkeys. This has led to improvements in reproductive performance. Proposed research activities will focus on continuing to expand our knowledge of squirrel monkey reproduction, including the development of assisted reproduction technology (ART). Investigation of natural biological processes will continue with studies of androgen resistance and risk factors associated with reproductive loss. The SMBRR will also be expanded to include a registry of cell lines and other reagents relative to the squirrel monkey. The balance between scientific investigation and breeding resource management has created an environment that encourages inquiry and collaborative investigations while providing a scarce nonhuman primate research resource to other institutions and investigators.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Animal (Mammalian and Nonmammalian) Model, and Animal and Biological Material Resource Grants (P40)
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National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
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Moro, Manuel H
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University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Veterinary Sciences
Schools of Medicine
United States
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