The purpose of this project is to understand motility and cytoskeleton-membrane interactions in the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Genetic and cell biological studies have determined that parasite motility and cell invasion is powered by an actin-myosin based motor in the parasite, but it has not been possible so far to localize actin filaments with Fonventional. electron microscopy. This led to the conclusion that actin might exist primarily in globular form. T gondii represents an interesting parasite system in which to study cytoskeletal motility. Unlike bacterial cell uptake, parasite invasion does not involve significant alteration in the host cell cytoskeleton. Instead, invasion is an active process of penetration into the host cell by the parasite. During invasion, actin and myosin that is localized underneath the plasma membrane in the parasite presumably combine to produce the force necessary for motility during invasion. By using the techniques described by Dr. Ris to look at actin and myosin structures with LVSEM we expect to be able to determine the mechanisms underlying the gliding motility in the parasite T gondii and its interactions with host cells during parasite invasion.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
3P41RR000570-28S1
Application #
6117308
Study Section
Project Start
1998-09-30
Project End
2000-06-30
Budget Start
1997-10-01
Budget End
1998-09-30
Support Year
28
Fiscal Year
1998
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Wisconsin Madison
Department
Type
DUNS #
161202122
City
Madison
State
WI
Country
United States
Zip Code
53715
Malecki, Marek; Putzer, Emily; Sabo, Chelsea et al. (2014) Directed cardiomyogenesis of autologous human induced pluripotent stem cells recruited to infarcted myocardium with bioengineered antibodies. Mol Cell Ther 2:
Malecki, Marek (2014) 'Above all, do no harm': safeguarding pluripotent stem cell therapy against iatrogenic tumorigenesis. Stem Cell Res Ther 5:73
Mavroudi, Maria; Zarogoulidis, Paul; Porpodis, Konstantinos et al. (2014) Stem cells' guided gene therapy of cancer: New frontier in personalized and targeted therapy. J Cancer Res Ther (Manch) 2:22-33
Malecki, Marek; LaVanne, Christine; Alhambra, Dominique et al. (2013) Safeguarding Stem Cell-Based Regenerative Therapy against Iatrogenic Cancerogenesis: Transgenic Expression of DNASE1, DNASE1L3, DNASE2, DFFB Controlled By POLA1 Promoter in Proliferating and Directed Differentiation Resisting Human Autologous Pluripotent J Stem Cell Res Ther Suppl 9:
Malecki, Marek; Tombokan, Xenia; Anderson, Mark et al. (2013) TRA-1-60(+), SSEA-4(+), POU5F1(+), SOX2(+), NANOG(+) Clones of Pluripotent Stem Cells in the Embryonal Carcinomas of the Testes. J Stem Cell Res Ther 3:
Malecki, Marek (2013) Improved targeting and enhanced retention of the human, autologous, fibroblast-derived, induced, pluripotent stem cells to the sarcomeres of the infarcted myocardium with the aid of the bioengineered, heterospecific, tetravalent antibodies. J Stem Cell Res Ther 3:
Malecki, Marek; Dahlke, Jessica; Haig, Melissa et al. (2013) Eradication of Human Ovarian Cancer Cells by Transgenic Expression of Recombinant DNASE1, DNASE1L3, DNASE2, and DFFB Controlled by EGFR Promoter: Novel Strategy for Targeted Therapy of Cancer. J Genet Syndr Gene Ther 4:152
Zarogoulidis, Paul; Darwiche, Kaid; Sakkas, Antonios et al. (2013) Suicide Gene Therapy for Cancer - Current Strategies. J Genet Syndr Gene Ther 4:
Malecki, Marek; Sabo, Chelsea; Putzer, Emily et al. (2013) Recruitment and retention of human autologous CD34+ CD117+ CD133+ bone marrow stem cells to infarcted myocardium followed by directed vasculogenesis: Novel strategy for cardiac regeneration. Mol Cell Ther 1:
Malecki, M; Anderson, M; Beauchaine, M et al. (2012) TRA-1-60(+), SSEA-4(+), Oct4A(+), Nanog(+) Clones of Pluripotent Stem Cells in the Embryonal Carcinomas of the Ovaries. J Stem Cell Res Ther 2:

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