This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.The dynein motor domain consists of a ring of six AAA domains with a protruding microtubule-binding stalk and a C-terminal domain of unknown function. To understand how conformational information is communicated within this complex structure, we produced a series of recombinant and proteolytic rat motor domain fragments, which we analyzed enzymatically. A recombinant 210-kDa half-motor domain fragment surprisingly exhibited a 6-fold higher steady state ATPase activity than a 380-kDa complete motor domain fragment. The increased ATPase activity was associated with a complete loss of sensitivity to inhibition by vanadate and an ~100-fold increase in the rate of ADP release. The time course of product release was discovered to be biphasic, and each phase was stimulated ~1000-fold by microtubule binding to the 380-kDa motor domain. Both the half-motor and full motor domain fragments were remarkably resistant to tryptic proteolysis, exhibiting either two or three major cleavage sites. Cleavage near the C terminus of the 380-kDa motor domain released a 32-kDa fragment and abolished sensitivity to vanadate. Cleavage at this site was insensitive to ATP or 5'-adenylyl-{beta},{gamma}-imidodiphosphate but was blocked by ADP-AlF3 or ADP-vanadate. Based on these data, we proposed a model for long range allosteric control of product release at AAA1 and AAA3 through the microtubule-binding stalk and the C-terminal domain, the latter of which may interact with AAA1 to close the motor domain ring in a cross-bridge cycle-dependent manner.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
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Rockefeller University
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