Lipoprotein oxidation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, the physiologically relevant pathways mediating oxidative damage have not yet been identified. Three potential mechanisms are tyrosyl radical, hydroxyl radical, and redox active metal ions. Tyrosyl radical forms o,o'-dityrosine cross-links in proteins. The highly reactive hydroxyl radical oxidizes phenylalanine residues to o-tyrosine and m-tyrosine. Metal ions oxidize low density lipoprotein (LDL) by poorly understood pathways. To explore the involvement of tyrosyl radical, hydroxyl radical, and metal ions in atherosclerosis, we developed a highly sensitive and quantitative method for measuring levels of o,o'-dityrosine, o-tyrosine, and m-tyrosine in proteins, lipoproteins, and tissue, using stable isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. We showed that o,o'-dityrosine was selectively produced in LDL oxidized with tyrosyl radical. Analysis of fatty streaks reveale d a similar pattern of oxidation products; compared with normal aortic tissue, there was a selective increase in o,o'-dityrosine with no change in o-tyrosine. The detection of a selective increase of o,o'-dityrosine in LDL isolated from vascular lesions is consistent with the hypothesis that oxidative damage in human atherosclerosis is mediated in part by tyrosyl radical. In contrast, these observations do not support a role for free metal ions as catalysts of LDL oxidation in the artery wall.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR000954-22
Application #
6118480
Study Section
Project Start
1998-08-01
Project End
1999-07-31
Budget Start
1997-10-01
Budget End
1998-09-30
Support Year
22
Fiscal Year
1998
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Washington University
Department
Type
DUNS #
062761671
City
Saint Louis
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
63130
Yue, Xuyi; Dhavale, Dhruva D; Li, Junfeng et al. (2018) Design, synthesis, and in vitro evaluation of quinolinyl analogues for ?-synuclein aggregation. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 28:1011-1019
Ohlemacher, Shannon I; Giblin, Daryl E; d'Avignon, D André et al. (2017) Enterobacteria secrete an inhibitor of Pseudomonas virulence during clinical bacteriuria. J Clin Invest 127:4018-4030
Lin, Xiaobo; Racette, Susan B; Ma, Lina et al. (2017) Endogenous Cholesterol Excretion Is Negatively Associated With Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Humans. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 37:2364-2369
Ovod, Vitaliy; Ramsey, Kara N; Mawuenyega, Kwasi G et al. (2017) Amyloid ? concentrations and stable isotope labeling kinetics of human plasma specific to central nervous system amyloidosis. Alzheimers Dement 13:841-849
Cade, W Todd; Levy, Philip T; Tinius, Rachel A et al. (2017) Markers of maternal and infant metabolism are associated with ventricular dysfunction in infants of obese women with type 2 diabetes. Pediatr Res 82:768-775
Lucey, Brendan P; Mawuenyega, Kwasi G; Patterson, Bruce W et al. (2017) Associations Between ?-Amyloid Kinetics and the ?-Amyloid Diurnal Pattern in the Central Nervous System. JAMA Neurol 74:207-215
Alvarez, Jessica A; Ziegler, Thomas R; Millson, Erin C et al. (2016) Body composition and lung function in cystic fibrosis and their association with adiposity and normal-weight obesity. Nutrition 32:447-52
Sterl, Karin; Wang, Songyan; Oestricker, Lauren et al. (2016) Metabolic responses to xenin-25 are altered in humans with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Peptides 82:76-84
Wei, Xiaochao; Song, Haowei; Yin, Li et al. (2016) Fatty acid synthesis configures the plasma membrane for inflammation in diabetes. Nature 539:294-298
Shields-Cutler, Robin R; Crowley, Jan R; Miller, Connelly D et al. (2016) Human Metabolome-derived Cofactors Are Required for the Antibacterial Activity of Siderocalin in Urine. J Biol Chem 291:25901-25910

Showing the most recent 10 out of 696 publications