This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.The mechanisms for fragmentation of small ions that have biological significance are being explored by ab initio and density functional methods. The calculations are executed to obtain thermochemical information, structures, and transition states for fragmentation processes, along with ion-molecule reactions of various small molecule ions and their subsequent patterns of fragmentation. To carry out this work, we have set up a small cluster of Dell computers, which we have expanded in this cycle, that are devoted to these calculations. When needed, we couple the theoretical work with experiments using MS/MS (ion trap, three sector, four sector), kinetic-energy release, isotope labeling, reactivity correlation, and other tools that are important in mechanism studies. This is a unique area of research for Research Resources in the mass spectrometry area, and our goal is to provide a resource for solving interesting mass spectral fragmentation problems that apply to biological molecules.Currently, we are finishing work on interesting cyclization reactions that take place in solution and can be modeled in the gas phase by using ESI, MS/MS, and density functional theory. We are applying a similar approach to possible cycloaddition reactions involving five-membered ring heterocycles (furan, thiophene, pyrrole). The motivation is to explore whether these reactions, which occur very slowly for neutral molecules, can be accelerated by making one of the reagents a radical cation, thus offering opportunities in the chemical synthesis of drugs and related materials.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR000954-30
Application #
7597515
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BPC-H (40))
Project Start
2007-02-01
Project End
2008-01-31
Budget Start
2007-02-01
Budget End
2008-01-31
Support Year
30
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$35,247
Indirect Cost
Name
Washington University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
068552207
City
Saint Louis
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
63130
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