This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.To gain insight into the molecular events that underlie protein folding, knowledge of the tertiary structure of folding intermediates and molten globules would be extremely informative. However, conventional crystallographic and magnetic resonance techniques cannot characterize the dynamic, three-dimensional conformational ensembles that compose these states. While time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) studies can give some information on distance distributions, such analyses rely on assumptions about FRET dye orientations and the shapes of the distributions (generally Gaussian). We propose to use small-angle X-ray scattering in conjunction with heavy-atom replacement (SAXS-HR) to determine directly intramolecular distance distributions in heavy-atom duster labeled biomolecules. The results will constrain molecular-dynamics simulations to provide three-dimensional pictures of protein folding intermediates and molten globules. We propose to perform a proof of principle' test of the SAXS-HR technique: measurements on DNA duplexes and flexible DNA single strands labeled with nanogold clusters will demonstrate that site-specific distance distributions can be recovered by SAXS-HR. These experiments will provide a foundation for studies of the tertiary structure present in the apomyoglobin molten globule folding intermediate.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-28
Application #
7597961
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BPC-E (40))
Project Start
2007-03-01
Project End
2008-02-29
Budget Start
2007-03-01
Budget End
2008-02-29
Support Year
28
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$991
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
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