This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.Transcription is the first step and the key control point in the pathway of gene expression. Transcriptional regulation underlies development, oncogenesis, and other fundamental processes. In eukaryotes the enzyme RNA Polymerase II (pol) is responsible for transcription of messenger RNA making pol s regulation central to gene expression. Pol contains 12 subunits massing about 0.5 Mda, but despite its size and complexity pol cannot recognize and initiate transcription from a specific promoter. In order to transcribe from a specific promoter pol requires at least five general transcriptions factors (IID, IIB, IIE, IIF and IIH). In addition to the five general transcription factors, pol requires the action of a 1.5 MDa complex called mediator in order to respond to activators and repressors of transcription. The purpose of this proposal is to use solution scattering to study the various complexes involved in activated transcription up to and including the 60 polypeptide complex of pol, the 5 general transcription factors and mediator. Structure determination of these large assemblies presents formidable technical challenges. We are attempting to meet these challenges through a combination of x-ray crystallography, electron microscopy, and solution x-ray scattering. This experimental proposal constitutes our research effort using solution scattering, which we believe fills the technological gap between x-ray crystallography and cryoEM in terms of its strength on submega Dalton complexes and its ability to study them in solution. The significance of the proposed research may be summarized as follows: it will provide the structural information needed to fully understand the fundamental mechanism of transcription; it will establish a structural basis for studies of transcriptional regulation; and it may indicate how structures of other heterogeneous multiprotein assemblies can be solved in the future by the combined structural approach.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-28
Application #
7598289
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BPC-E (40))
Project Start
2007-03-01
Project End
2008-02-29
Budget Start
2007-03-01
Budget End
2008-02-29
Support Year
28
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$199
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
Vickers, Chelsea; Liu, Feng; Abe, Kento et al. (2018) Endo-fucoidan hydrolases from glycoside hydrolase family 107 (GH107) display structural and mechanistic similarities to ?-l-fucosidases from GH29. J Biol Chem 293:18296-18308
Nguyen, Phong T; Lai, Jeffrey Y; Lee, Allen T et al. (2018) Noncanonical role for the binding protein in substrate uptake by the MetNI methionine ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E10596-E10604
Aleman, Fernando; Tzarum, Netanel; Kong, Leopold et al. (2018) Immunogenetic and structural analysis of a class of HCV broadly neutralizing antibodies and their precursors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:7569-7574
Herrera, Nadia; Maksaev, Grigory; Haswell, Elizabeth S et al. (2018) Elucidating a role for the cytoplasmic domain in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis mechanosensitive channel of large conductance. Sci Rep 8:14566
Lal, Neeraj K; Nagalakshmi, Ugrappa; Hurlburt, Nicholas K et al. (2018) The Receptor-like Cytoplasmic Kinase BIK1 Localizes to the Nucleus and Regulates Defense Hormone Expression during Plant Innate Immunity. Cell Host Microbe 23:485-497.e5
Pluvinage, Benjamin; Grondin, Julie M; Amundsen, Carolyn et al. (2018) Molecular basis of an agarose metabolic pathway acquired by a human intestinal symbiont. Nat Commun 9:1043
Beyerlein, Kenneth R; J├Ânsson, H Olof; Alonso-Mori, Roberto et al. (2018) Ultrafast nonthermal heating of water initiated by an X-ray Free-Electron Laser. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:5652-5657
Yoshizawa, Takuya; Ali, Rustam; Jiou, Jenny et al. (2018) Nuclear Import Receptor Inhibits Phase Separation of FUS through Binding to Multiple Sites. Cell 173:693-705.e22
Morrison, Christine N; Spatzal, Thomas; Rees, Douglas C (2017) Reversible Protonated Resting State of the Nitrogenase Active Site. J Am Chem Soc 139:10856-10862
Zhang, Haonan; Qiao, Anna; Yang, Dehua et al. (2017) Structure of the full-length glucagon class B G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature 546:259-264

Showing the most recent 10 out of 604 publications