This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. We have used SSRL beam time on this proposal to conduct crystallographic studies on enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of two tRNA modifications: queosine (Q) and threonyl carbamoyladenosine (t6A). These are two modifications of the tRNA anticodon loop that alter codon definitions and fine tune ribosome function during translation. Q biosynthesis is an established drug target for anti-shigellosis antibiotics. Similarly, due to its requirement for HIV replication, t6A modification of host-cell tRNA has been proposed as a potential target for the development of anti-HIV pharmaceuticals. Using a combination of comparative genomic, biochemical, and structural methods, we identified enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of Q and t6A. Using SSRL x-rays, we determined the structure of GCYH-IB, our newly discovered and first enzyme in the Q biosynthesis pathway in prokaryotes, in complex with a substrate analog and we collected native and heavy-atom derivative data for YkvM, the enzyme that catalyzes the third step in Q biosynthesis. We also determined the crystal structure of YrdC, a universally conserved and essential enzyme involved in t6A biosynthesis, in complex with its ATP substrate. In this renewal, we plan to start crystallographic studies of GCYH-IBinhibitor complexes and of QueA, which catalyzes a late step in Q biosynthesis, in complex with its tRNA substrate. We currently have crystals of GCYH-IB-ligand complexes and crystallization of the latter complex is underway. We plan to continue to use the SSRL beamline automation technology and remote access for these studies.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
2P41RR001209-31
Application #
8170101
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2010-05-01
Project End
2011-02-28
Budget Start
2010-05-01
Budget End
2011-02-28
Support Year
31
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$347
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
Vickers, Chelsea; Liu, Feng; Abe, Kento et al. (2018) Endo-fucoidan hydrolases from glycoside hydrolase family 107 (GH107) display structural and mechanistic similarities to ?-l-fucosidases from GH29. J Biol Chem 293:18296-18308
Nguyen, Phong T; Lai, Jeffrey Y; Lee, Allen T et al. (2018) Noncanonical role for the binding protein in substrate uptake by the MetNI methionine ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E10596-E10604
Aleman, Fernando; Tzarum, Netanel; Kong, Leopold et al. (2018) Immunogenetic and structural analysis of a class of HCV broadly neutralizing antibodies and their precursors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:7569-7574
Herrera, Nadia; Maksaev, Grigory; Haswell, Elizabeth S et al. (2018) Elucidating a role for the cytoplasmic domain in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis mechanosensitive channel of large conductance. Sci Rep 8:14566
Lal, Neeraj K; Nagalakshmi, Ugrappa; Hurlburt, Nicholas K et al. (2018) The Receptor-like Cytoplasmic Kinase BIK1 Localizes to the Nucleus and Regulates Defense Hormone Expression during Plant Innate Immunity. Cell Host Microbe 23:485-497.e5
Pluvinage, Benjamin; Grondin, Julie M; Amundsen, Carolyn et al. (2018) Molecular basis of an agarose metabolic pathway acquired by a human intestinal symbiont. Nat Commun 9:1043
Beyerlein, Kenneth R; J├Ânsson, H Olof; Alonso-Mori, Roberto et al. (2018) Ultrafast nonthermal heating of water initiated by an X-ray Free-Electron Laser. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:5652-5657
Yoshizawa, Takuya; Ali, Rustam; Jiou, Jenny et al. (2018) Nuclear Import Receptor Inhibits Phase Separation of FUS through Binding to Multiple Sites. Cell 173:693-705.e22
Morrison, Christine N; Spatzal, Thomas; Rees, Douglas C (2017) Reversible Protonated Resting State of the Nitrogenase Active Site. J Am Chem Soc 139:10856-10862
Zhang, Haonan; Qiao, Anna; Yang, Dehua et al. (2017) Structure of the full-length glucagon class B G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature 546:259-264

Showing the most recent 10 out of 604 publications