NESAC/BIO provides the biomedical research community with state-of- the art surface analysis expertise, instrumentation, experimental protocols, and data analysis methods to address biological and medical problems involving the surface and interfacial regions. Since the nature of the surface strongly influences the composition and recognizability of the adsorbed protein layer and the subsequent cellular interactions, understanding the structure of surfaces and the nature of adsorbed protein films are key links in understanding interfacial biology. ESCA, static SIMS, and SPM provide a powerful set of set of complementary techniques for addressing the challenges and complexity of the new generation of biomaterials being developed with molecular recognition principles.
The specific aims of the Technological Research and development projects are: 1) Surface Analysis Standards for Technique Development, 2) Chemical State Imaging Technique Development and, and 3) Characterization of Proteins at Surfaces and Interfaces. Over the next five years the focus of NESAC/BIO will expand from spectroscopic analysis to include image analysis. Multivariate analysis methods will be developed to enhance our ability to obtain chemical state images at high spatial resolution. Standards used in the development of these techniques will include self-assembled monolayers, peptides, and ordered proteins.
The specific aim of the Collaborative research projects is to use the surface analysis techniques and methods developed in the TRD projects to address important biomedical research problems. The areas of investigation include biosensors, tissue engineering, self-assembled films, biomineralization, cell growth surfaces with peptides, antibacterial polyurethane surfaces, novel surfactants for controlling biomolecule adhesion, coated vascular stents, and biomaterials with specific recognition sites. NESAC/BIO Service activities will focus on the development and optimization of biomedical devices. Current biomedical device service projects include cochlear implants, glucose sensors, and coated guidewires. Dissemination efforts will focus on scientific publications, presentations at scientific meetings, a yearly newsletter, booths a key national meetings, and the NESAC/BIO Website. Training projects will include a three-day short course offered at the University of Washington each year on biomedical surface analysis along with one-on- one instrument and data analysis training.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SSS-8 (56))
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Levy, Abraham
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University of Washington
Engineering (All Types)
Schools of Engineering
United States
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Tyler, Bonnie J; Peterson, Richard E (2013) Dead-time correction for time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectral images: a critical issue in multivariate image analysis. Surf Interface Anal 45:475-478
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