This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. With the introduction of immunosuppressive drugs such as tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil, the incidence of acute rejection in renal transplantation has fallen to <10% at some major medical centers. Unfortunately, these intensive therapeutic regimens increase the risk for vira infections. Of particular concern is the recent emergence of polyomavirus allograft nephropathy (PVAN) in approximately 5% of patients. PVAN is an inadequately studied and distressing condition that frequently leads to graft loss. Since polyomavirus( PV) is latent in the kidney of up to 50% of healthy adults, it is likely that milder forms of PV associated graft dysfunction go unrecognized & untreated, leading to ongoing graft damage and accelerated development of chronic rejection.
The specific aims of this proposal are (1) T characterize the complete clinical spectrum of PV infection, (2) To delineate the host & viral factors that affect PV replication in man (3) To analyze PV infection associated cellular gene expression in cultured cells, blood and urine of kidney transplant patients, and tissue specimens with urogenital carcinoma, and (4) To perform in-vitro testing of anti-BK virus drugs for possible future use in the clinical arena.
These specific aims will be accomplished by (a) Performing PCR for polyomaviruses BK, JC, and SV40 in clinical samples, (b) Nucleotide sequencing to assign viral genotypes and characterize genetic mutations and rearrangements in the viral genome, (c) Using DNA microarray technology, RT-PCR, & ELISA to characterize virus induced host gene expression, and (d) Testing the effect of putative anti-viral drugs in a flow cytometric assay designed to measure the rate of viral replication i cultured cells.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR006009-17
Application #
7601288
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-Q (40))
Project Start
2007-08-01
Project End
2008-07-31
Budget Start
2007-08-01
Budget End
2008-07-31
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$297
Indirect Cost
Name
Carnegie-Mellon University
Department
Biostatistics & Other Math Sci
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
052184116
City
Pittsburgh
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
15213
Simakov, Nikolay A; Kurnikova, Maria G (2018) Membrane Position Dependency of the pKa and Conductivity of the Protein Ion Channel. J Membr Biol 251:393-404
Yonkunas, Michael; Buddhadev, Maiti; Flores Canales, Jose C et al. (2017) Configurational Preference of the Glutamate Receptor Ligand Binding Domain Dimers. Biophys J 112:2291-2300
Hwang, Wonmuk; Lang, Matthew J; Karplus, Martin (2017) Kinesin motility is driven by subdomain dynamics. Elife 6:
Earley, Lauriel F; Powers, John M; Adachi, Kei et al. (2017) Adeno-associated Virus (AAV) Assembly-Activating Protein Is Not an Essential Requirement for Capsid Assembly of AAV Serotypes 4, 5, and 11. J Virol 91:
Murty, Vishnu P; Calabro, Finnegan; Luna, Beatriz (2016) The role of experience in adolescent cognitive development: Integration of executive, memory, and mesolimbic systems. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 70:46-58
Subramanian, Sandeep; Chaparala, Srilakshmi; Avali, Viji et al. (2016) A pilot study on the prevalence of DNA palindromes in breast cancer genomes. BMC Med Genomics 9:73
Ramakrishnan, N; Tourdot, Richard W; Radhakrishnan, Ravi (2016) Thermodynamic free energy methods to investigate shape transitions in bilayer membranes. Int J Adv Eng Sci Appl Math 8:88-100
Zhang, Yimeng; Li, Xiong; Samonds, Jason M et al. (2016) Relating functional connectivity in V1 neural circuits and 3D natural scenes using Boltzmann machines. Vision Res 120:121-31
Lee, Wei-Chung Allen; Bonin, Vincent; Reed, Michael et al. (2016) Anatomy and function of an excitatory network in the visual cortex. Nature 532:370-4
Jurkowitz, Marianne S; Patel, Aalapi; Wu, Lai-Chu et al. (2015) The YhhN protein of Legionella pneumophila is a Lysoplasmalogenase. Biochim Biophys Acta 1848:742-51

Showing the most recent 10 out of 292 publications