This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.Current protocols for tumor imaging, specifically applied with breast cancer candidates, call for the use of pharmaceutical contrast agents. These agents require intravenous injection causing additional discomfort to the patient while also requiring qualified personnel to start the IV. An alternative that allows for a totally non-invasive procedure, by simply exploiting the innate physiology of tumors, is ideal. A defining property of tumors is their high affinity for oxygen, causing regionally altered perfusion characteristics.BOLD imaging, most commonly used in fMRI studies, measures the hemodynamic variation in a given region resulting from a stimulating task. Simple breath holding, which induces hypoxia, shows an increased BOLD response in fMRI studies due to variation of the oxygen levels in the bloodstream. This study demonstrates the BOLD response in the breast resulting from periodic hypoxia, and its promise in differentiating tumors from other breast tissue.The scan protocol used a 3D stack of spirals imaging sequence with a spectral-spatial pulse for fat suppression. Two healthy volunteers (both age 24) and one breast tumor patient (age 36) participated in the study. The healthy volunteers were scanned on a 1.5T Signa GE scanner, while the patient was scanned on a 1.5T Twin GE scanner. Each participant held their breath for 15 s intervals followed by 15 s of regular breathing, for 7 cycles. Data analysis of BOLD results applied a time course correlation method established by Adrian Lee et al. The method correlates the breath holding cycle to sinusoidal functions.Malignant regions present in Gd enhanced images paralleled regions observed in early response BOLD images stimulated by hypoxia. As expected, carcinogenic regions responded earlier than healthy regions under hypoxic conditions, with results indicating a 7.5 s time delay between the malignant verses healthy tissue. This study demonstrates how BOLD images can identify tumor regions without contrast agents, with the potential of providing additional diagnostic information.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-F (40))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Stanford University
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Maclaren, Julian; Aksoy, Murat; Ooi, Melvyn B et al. (2018) Prospective motion correction using coil-mounted cameras: Cross-calibration considerations. Magn Reson Med 79:1911-1921
Guo, Jia; Holdsworth, Samantha J; Fan, Audrey P et al. (2018) Comparing accuracy and reproducibility of sequential and Hadamard-encoded multidelay pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling for measuring cerebral blood flow and arterial transit time in healthy subjects: A simulation and in vivo study. J Magn Reson Imaging 47:1119-1132
Kogan, Feliks; Hargreaves, Brian A; Gold, Garry E (2017) Volumetric multislice gagCEST imaging of articular cartilage: Optimization and comparison with T1rho. Magn Reson Med 77:1134-1141
Aksoy, Murat; Maclaren, Julian; Bammer, Roland (2017) Prospective motion correction for 3D pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling using an external optical tracking system. Magn Reson Imaging 39:44-52
Tamir, Jonathan I; Uecker, Martin; Chen, Weitian et al. (2017) T2 shuffling: Sharp, multicontrast, volumetric fast spin-echo imaging. Magn Reson Med 77:180-195
Lai, Lillian M; Cheng, Joseph Y; Alley, Marcus T et al. (2017) Feasibility of ferumoxytol-enhanced neonatal and young infant cardiac MRI without general anesthesia. J Magn Reson Imaging 45:1407-1418
Taviani, Valentina; Alley, Marcus T; Banerjee, Suchandrima et al. (2017) High-resolution diffusion-weighted imaging of the breast with multiband 2D radiofrequency pulses and a generalized parallel imaging reconstruction. Magn Reson Med 77:209-220
Uecker, Martin; Lustig, Michael (2017) Estimating absolute-phase maps using ESPIRiT and virtual conjugate coils. Magn Reson Med 77:1201-1207
Bian, W; Tranvinh, E; Tourdias, T et al. (2016) In Vivo 7T MR Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping Reveals Opposite Susceptibility Contrast between Cortical and White Matter Lesions in Multiple Sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 37:1808-1815
Vos, Sjoerd B; Aksoy, Murat; Han, Zhaoying et al. (2016) Trade-off between angular and spatial resolutions in in vivo fiber tractography. Neuroimage 129:117-132

Showing the most recent 10 out of 446 publications