This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. """"""""Morphostructural cerebral features associated to borderline and bipolar disorders"""""""" Background: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is prevalent, affecting as many as 1% to 2% of the general population, and this incidence rises as high as 15% to 20% in psychiatric settings. Although psychosocial causes of BPD have been explored in many studies, relatively little data exist regarding biological causes. Use of neuroimaging in the study of BPD dates back only a few years. BPD has been linked to the amygdala and limbic systems of the brain, the centres that control emotion and, particularly, rage, fear and impulsive automatic reactions. Studies have shown that the hippocampus and the amygdala may be as much as 16% smaller in people with BPD and have suggested that experiences of trauma may lead to these neuroanatomical changes. Furthermore, some clinical similarity with Bipolar disorder (BD) and BPD have been described although the results are often contradictory and not exhaustive.
Aim : To study morphostructural cerebral features associated to BPD and BP using advanced neuroimaging tools and to assess whether an association between specific cerebral areas/circuits and clinical features exists. Material and methods. We included in the study 25 BDP, 19 BP and 46 controls. Diagnoses will be made according DSM IV criteria. Patients underwent clinical and neuropsychological assessment. All patients will underwent MR. The scan protocol included a 3D T1-weighted sequence and PD/T2-weighted dual echo sequence. Healthy subjects were consecutive normal volunteers picked among those undergoing brain MR scan at the Neuroradiology Unit of the """"""""Poliambulanza"""""""" Hospital, Brescia for reasons unrelated to cognition, such as migraine and headache, auditory or visual symptoms, paresthesias, and whose scan was negative and enrolled in a study on normal brain structure . Controls were matched to patients with regard to sex, age and education. Cortical pattern matching will be used to detect and visualize cortical variability due to the effect of CS and genetic factors on the brain. In line with literature we will study hippocampus using radial mapping.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-L (40))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of California Los Angeles
Schools of Medicine
Los Angeles
United States
Zip Code
Green, Shulamite A; Hernandez, Leanna M; Bowman, Hilary C et al. (2018) Sensory over-responsivity and social cognition in ASD: Effects of aversive sensory stimuli and attentional modulation on neural responses to social cues. Dev Cogn Neurosci 29:127-139
Yang, Yaling; Joshi, Shantanu H; Jahanshad, Neda et al. (2017) Neural correlates of proactive and reactive aggression in adolescent twins. Aggress Behav 43:230-240
Dennis, Emily L; Rashid, Faisal; Faskowitz, Josh et al. (2017) MAPPING AGE EFFECTS ALONG FIBER TRACTS IN YOUNG ADULTS. Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging 2017:101-104
Walsh, Christine M; Ruoff, Leslie; Walker, Kathleen et al. (2017) Sleepless Night and Day, the Plight of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy. Sleep 40:
Green, Shulamite A; Hernandez, Leanna; Bookheimer, Susan Y et al. (2017) Reduced modulation of thalamocortical connectivity during exposure to sensory stimuli in ASD. Autism Res 10:801-809
Kamins, Joshua; Giza, Christopher C (2016) Concussion-Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Recoverable Injury with Potential for Serious Sequelae. Neurosurg Clin N Am 27:441-52
Agis, Daniel; Goggins, Maria B; Oishi, Kumiko et al. (2016) Picturing the Size and Site of Stroke With an Expanded National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale. Stroke 47:1459-65
Levine, Andrew J; Soontornniyomkij, Virawudh; Achim, Cristian L et al. (2016) Multilevel analysis of neuropathogenesis of neurocognitive impairment in HIV. J Neurovirol 22:431-41
Flournoy, John C; Pfeifer, Jennifer H; Moore, William E et al. (2016) Neural Reactivity to Emotional Faces May Mediate the Relationship Between Childhood Empathy and Adolescent Prosocial Behavior. Child Dev 87:1691-1702
Joshi, Shantanu H; Vizueta, Nathalie; Foland-Ross, Lara et al. (2016) Relationships Between Altered Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Activation and Cortical Thickness in Patients With Euthymic Bipolar I Disorder. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging 1:507-517

Showing the most recent 10 out of 554 publications