This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. Formins are multidomain proteins that participate in a wide range of cytoskeletal processes. They are required for cell polarity, cell migration, cytokinesis, and morphogenesis in all eukaryotes. The defining feature of formin proteins is the Formin Homology 2 (FH2) domain, which directly nucleates actin filaments and remains processively associated with the barbed end of the filament as it grows. To better understand how formins work in specific cellular contexts, we are studying a genetically and biochemically well-validated formin partner protein, the yeast protein Bud6. Bud6 is a key binding partner and regulator of the formin Bni1 in yeast. We have recently determined the structure of a core domain in Bud6 that binds to Bni1 (unpublished). Bud6 has no known human homologs. However, re-examination of a weak similarity in primary sequence between this region of Bud6 and the mammalian protein ROCK1, in light of the structure, suggests that the sequence similarity is reflective of a shared structural and perhaps functional feature in these two proteins. ROCK (Rho-associated kinase) is an effector of Rho-dependent signaling to mediate stress fibers and focal adhesion formation. It is also involved in many other cellular processes including smooth muscle contraction, cell migration, and neurite outgrowth. Abnormal activation of the Rho-ROCK pathway plays role in tumor invasion and metastasis, hypertension, and bronchial asthma. A structural and functional parallel between the actin binding domains of Bud6 and human ROCK1 if proven correct will be a breakthrough finding. Their similar structures can be a target for drug development.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-K (40))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Cornell University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
Chen, Wenyang; Mandali, Sridhar; Hancock, Stephen P et al. (2018) Multiple serine transposase dimers assemble the transposon-end synaptic complex during IS607-family transposition. Elife 7:
Eichhorn, Catherine D; Yang, Yuan; Repeta, Lucas et al. (2018) Structural basis for recognition of human 7SK long noncoding RNA by the La-related protein Larp7. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E6457-E6466
Fallas, Jorge A; Ueda, George; Sheffler, William et al. (2017) Computational design of self-assembling cyclic protein homo-oligomers. Nat Chem 9:353-360
Krotee, Pascal; Rodriguez, Jose A; Sawaya, Michael R et al. (2017) Atomic structures of fibrillar segments of hIAPP suggest tightly mated ?-sheets are important for cytotoxicity. Elife 6:
Dhayalan, Balamurugan; Mandal, Kalyaneswar; Rege, Nischay et al. (2017) Scope and Limitations of Fmoc Chemistry SPPS-Based Approaches to the Total Synthesis of Insulin Lispro via Ester Insulin. Chemistry 23:1709-1716
Bale, Jacob B; Gonen, Shane; Liu, Yuxi et al. (2016) Accurate design of megadalton-scale two-component icosahedral protein complexes. Science 353:389-94
AhYoung, Andrew P; Koehl, Antoine; Vizcarra, Christina L et al. (2016) Structure of a putative ClpS N-end rule adaptor protein from the malaria pathogen Plasmodium falciparum. Protein Sci 25:689-701
Hancock, Stephen P; Stella, Stefano; Cascio, Duilio et al. (2016) DNA Sequence Determinants Controlling Affinity, Stability and Shape of DNA Complexes Bound by the Nucleoid Protein Fis. PLoS One 11:e0150189
Kattke, Michele D; Chan, Albert H; Duong, Andrew et al. (2016) Crystal Structure of the Streptomyces coelicolor Sortase E1 Transpeptidase Provides Insight into the Binding Mode of the Novel Class E Sorting Signal. PLoS One 11:e0167763
Jorda, J; Leibly, D J; Thompson, M C et al. (2016) Structure of a novel 13 nm dodecahedral nanocage assembled from a redesigned bacterial microcompartment shell protein. Chem Commun (Camb) 52:5041-4

Showing the most recent 10 out of 407 publications