Despite advances in the survival of patients with childhood leukemia, the causes of childhood leukemia remain unknown. Current evidence suggests that genetic damage disrupts the normal differentiation process of lymphoid and myeloid progenitor cells. Genetic damage may be inherited, may occur in utero, or may occur after birth. Exposure to environmental carcinogens during any of these intervals is suspected to cause detrimental genetic change. The objective of this case control study is to investigate the relationship between environmental exposures and the risk of childhood leukemia, utilizing molecular biology techniques to characterize the presence of genetic changes, as well as considering possible effect modifiers. The timing of genetic changes will also be identified in cases and controls using archived newborn blood samples from birth and buccal cells obtained at interview. For the case group, the [prevalence of specific molecular changes will be obtained from several specimen types (archived newborn blood, peripheral blood, peripheral blood and bone marrow at time of diagnosis, and buccal cell DNA at time of interview) in order to determine the timing of genetic changes. These changes will be stratified by parental self-reported exposures to identify if genetic changes in children correlate with self-reported parental exposures prior to birth or during pregnancy. This will demonstrate if exposures correlate with genetic changes and the temporal nature of occurrence of these changes. All new-diagnosed cases of childhood leukemia (ages 0-14 ) which present at one of the four referral hospitals in the Greater San Francisco Bay Area between 1995-1998 will be eligible (n=2000. Two matched controls groups will be obtained for each case; friend controls and birth certificate controls. Friend controls will be randomly chosen from nominees provided by parents that match the case on age, sex, gender, country of residence at diagnosis, and ethnicity of mother. Birth certificate controls will be chosen from California births that match the case with respect to age, sex, gender, county of birth, and ethnicity. Two questionnaires will be provided; a self-administered interview for parents to record dietary, occupational and residential histories three months prior to conception, during pregnancy, and up until diagnosis of index case. An in-person interview will then be scheduled to review data and collect additional information. Interviews will be in English and Spanish. This study offers particular design advantages over earlier studies due to use of two controls groups and in-person interview in two languages, and essentially a population-based case ascertainment for the Bay Area. However, the most important departure from other studies is the linking of the temporal aspect of genetic change with exposure that will lead to significant advances in understanding the etiology of childhood leukemia.

Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of California Berkeley
United States
Zip Code
Tachachartvanich, Phum; Sangsuwan, Rapeepat; Ruiz, Heather S et al. (2018) Assessment of the Endocrine-Disrupting Effects of Trichloroethylene and Its Metabolites Using in Vitro and in Silico Approaches. Environ Sci Technol 52:1542-1550
Guyton, Kathryn Z; Rieswijk, Linda; Wang, Amy et al. (2018) Key Characteristics Approach to Carcinogenic Hazard Identification. Chem Res Toxicol :
Roh, Taehyun; Steinmaus, Craig; Marshall, Guillermo et al. (2018) Age at Exposure to Arsenic in Water and Mortality 30-40 Years After Exposure Cessation. Am J Epidemiol 187:2297-2305
Daniels, Sarah I; Chambers, John C; Sanchez, Sylvia S et al. (2018) Elevated Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in South Asian Immigrants Are Associated With an Increased Risk of Diabetes. J Endocr Soc 2:832-841
Guyton, Kathryn Z; Rusyn, Ivan; Chiu, Weihsueh A et al. (2018) Application of the key characteristics of carcinogens in cancer hazard identification. Carcinogenesis 39:614-622
Grigoryan, Hasmik; Edmands, William M B; Lan, Qing et al. (2018) Adductomic signatures of benzene exposure provide insights into cancer induction. Carcinogenesis 39:661-668
Barazesh, James M; Prasse, Carsten; Wenk, Jannis et al. (2018) Trace Element Removal in Distributed Drinking Water Treatment Systems by Cathodic H2O2 Production and UV Photolysis. Environ Sci Technol 52:195-204
Counihan, Jessica L; Wiggenhorn, Amanda L; Anderson, Kimberly E et al. (2018) Chemoproteomics-Enabled Covalent Ligand Screening Reveals ALDH3A1 as a Lung Cancer Therapy Target. ACS Chem Biol 13:1970-1977
Lavy, Adi; Keren, Ray; Yu, Ke et al. (2018) A novel Chromatiales bacterium is a potential sulfide oxidizer in multiple orders of marine sponges. Environ Microbiol 20:800-814
Perttula, Kelsi; Schiffman, Courtney; Edmands, William M B et al. (2018) Untargeted lipidomic features associated with colorectal cancer in a prospective cohort. BMC Cancer 18:996

Showing the most recent 10 out of 629 publications