The title of this proposal captures its essence, 'Hazardous Waste Risk and Remediation in the Southwest'. The University of Arizona SBRP renewal application builds on the achievements of the previous grant. The theme of this Program is to support development of a risk assessment process for metal and organic contaminants through toxicologic and hydrogeologic studies and through development of innovative remediation technologies. The application emphasizes hazardous waste issues in the Southwestern U.S. (and Mexican Border) due to the unique arid nature of this environment. However, the results of the studies are not limited to the Southwest since the main toxicants being examined, As and halogenated hydrocarbons, are ubiquitous throughout developed countries. The Program consists of 10 research projects-five biomedical projects and five environmental sciences projects. Many of the projects are collaborative involving multiple disciplines. The biomedical projects are examining the mechanism of As toxicity in target tissues, factors that affect the susceptibility of populations to As-induced toxicity, and the effects of As and TCE on organ development. The environmental sciences projects are investigating how hazardous wastes (As, TCE/perchloroethylene [PCE]) can be optimally characterized for remediation and innovative techniques for containing or degrading these contaminants in an arid Southwest environment. These research projects are supported by 5 cores that administer the Program, translate the results to the stakeholders, provide research services, promote unique outreach efforts to Mexico, and support graduate student training. This project will contribute to our understanding of toxicology and remediation of hazardous wastes nationally and internationally.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Type
Hazardous Substances Basic Research Grants Program (NIEHS) (P42)
Project #
5P42ES004940-17
Application #
7069026
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZES1-SET-A (S6))
Program Officer
Henry, Heather F
Project Start
1997-04-01
Project End
2010-03-31
Budget Start
2006-04-01
Budget End
2007-03-31
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$2,790,330
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Arizona
Department
Pharmacology
Type
Schools of Pharmacy
DUNS #
806345617
City
Tucson
State
AZ
Country
United States
Zip Code
85721
Pu, Mengjie; Guan, Zeyu; Ma, Yongwen et al. (2018) Synthesis of iron-based metal-organic framework MIL-53 as an efficient catalyst to activate persulfate for the degradation of Orange G in aqueous solution. Appl Catal A Gen 549:82-92
Brusseau, Mark L; Guo, Zhilin (2018) The integrated contaminant elution and tracer test toolkit, ICET3, for improved characterization of mass transfer, attenuation, and mass removal. J Contam Hydrol 208:17-26
Valentín-Vargas, Alexis; Neilson, Julia W; Root, Robert A et al. (2018) Treatment impacts on temporal microbial community dynamics during phytostabilization of acid-generating mine tailings in semiarid regions. Sci Total Environ 618:357-368
Brusseau, Mark L (2018) Assessing the potential contributions of additional retention processes to PFAS retardation in the subsurface. Sci Total Environ 613-614:176-185
Delikhoon, Mahdieh; Fazlzadeh, Mehdi; Sorooshian, Armin et al. (2018) Characteristics and health effects of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in an urban area in Iran. Environ Pollut 242:938-951
Hammond, Corin M; Root, Robert A; Maier, Raina M et al. (2018) Mechanisms of Arsenic Sequestration by Prosopis juliflora during the Phytostabilization of Metalliferous Mine Tailings. Environ Sci Technol 52:1156-1164
Yan, Ni; Zhong, Hua; Brusseau, Mark L (2018) The natural activation ability of subsurface media to promote in-situ chemical oxidation of 1,4-dioxane. Water Res 149:386-393
Madeira, Camila L; Field, Jim A; Simonich, Michael T et al. (2018) Ecotoxicity of the insensitive munitions compound 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO) and its reduced metabolite 3-amino-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (ATO). J Hazard Mater 343:340-346
Liu, Pengfei; Rojo de la Vega, Montserrat; Sammani, Saad et al. (2018) RPA1 binding to NRF2 switches ARE-dependent transcriptional activation to ARE-NRE-dependent repression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E10352-E10361
Thomas, Andrew N; Root, Robert A; Lantz, R Clark et al. (2018) Oxidative weathering decreases bioaccessibility of toxic metal(loid)s in PM10 emissions from sulfide mine tailings. Geohealth 2:118-138

Showing the most recent 10 out of 497 publications