While PCBs are semivolatile and commonly measured in air throughout the globe, atmospheric sources? of PCBs are almost completely undefined. This project will expand the knowledge of the sources and? distribution of PCBs in air through a major field study coupled with atmospheric modeling. The study is? structured as four aims:
Under Aim 1 we will determine the prevalence and distribution of atmospheric PCBs? in an urban area. We will monitor PCBs in air at select residential areas of Chicago, Illinois and East? Chicago, Indiana and compare results to Columbus Junction, Iowa.
Aim 1 will involve innovative methods in? sampling design, including high volume sampling from parked health clinic vans and passive sampling at? homes and schools. Over 1,000 air samples will be collected and analyzed for the full suite of PCB? congeners each year. The logistics of air sampling will be accomplished by cooperating with local health? agencies, schools, and governments. PCB congener analysis will be supported by a fully automated? analytical method for atmospheric PCB extraction, concentration, cleanup, analysis, and quality assurance.? Project Aims 2-4 focus on characterizing the sources using additional field measurements coupled with? mathematical modeling.
Aim 2 involves characterization of PCBs released from contaminated water. A field? and modeling study will examine the water of Indiana Harbor / Shipping Canal in East Chicago as an? emission source of PCBs.
Aim 3 concerns characterization of PCBs released from the soils of a former? refinery site destined to store PCB contaminated sediments.
Under Aim 4 we will evaluate mechanistic? models, dispersion models, and other computational models for estimating PCB emissions from other? (unknown) sources in the Chicago / East Chicago urban industrial region.
Aims 2 -4 include considerations? of the effects of season, local meteorology, topography, re-suspension of contaminated sediment,? construction activities at a contaminated site, and regional dispersion.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Hazardous Substances Basic Research Grants Program (NIEHS) (P42)
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University of Iowa
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Herkert, Nicholas J; Jahnke, Jacob C; Hornbuckle, Keri C (2018) Emissions of Tetrachlorobiphenyls (PCBs 47, 51, and 68) from Polymer Resin on Kitchen Cabinets as a Non-Aroclor Source to Residential Air. Environ Sci Technol 52:5154-5160
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Herkert, Nicholas J; Hornbuckle, Keri C (2018) Effects of room airflow on accurate determination of PUF-PAS sampling rates in the indoor environment. Environ Sci Process Impacts 20:757-766
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Dhakal, Kiran; Gadupudi, Gopi S; Lehmler, Hans-Joachim et al. (2018) Sources and toxicities of phenolic polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 25:16277-16290

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