The aims of the proposed National Alcohol Research Center are to: a) conduct priority research in alcohol epidemiology, gathering information over time about the prevalence, incidence, etiology, and mediators of heavy drinking and alcohol problems in the general population and for special subgroups (e.g., women and ethnic minorities);b) conduct innovative research on ways communities are impacted by and respond to problems-^formal interventions like health care and AA, informal influences like family and friends, and regulations;c) gather and analyze research data in ways that advance methods and test competing hypotheses;d) disseminate this information and translate findings needed by target audiences like policy makers, providers, public health/prevention specialists, and the public;and e) promote a richly interactive scientific and skill-enhancing setting with unique opportunities for multidisciplinary research training and career development, including strategic partnerships with other organizations. Addressing these aims are an Administrative Core (Component 1) providing research-supportive infrastructure;a Statistical and Data Services Core (2);a National Alcohol Survey (NAS) Resources Core managing 5-yearly NAS datasets and collecting a new 2014/15 US adult survey (3), and 4 closely linked research components. Center research addresses significant hypotheses in the epidemiology of drinking patterns and problems in general and special populations, in (4), we continue analysis of the 12""""""""^ and earlier NASs, later adding the new survey;(5) examines race/ethnicity, socioeconomic disadvantage and disparities in alcohol problems;(6) studies risky drinking in problem or dependent drinkers over 7 years;lastly, (7) continues methodological studies, by proposing 3 new substudies to improve measurement of intake, problems and their relationship. Augmenting these are components (8), a new Dissemination/Education project including an evaluation of translation efforts and (9) Pilot Studies. The proposed Center will yield significant contributions to epidemiological alcohol research, deepen understanding of etiology of problems and incubate new methods. We plan to build research capacity in the Center and other organizations, enhance careers of new investigators, and make key findings accessible to researchers, policy makers, practitioners, and the public.
Overall Center Project Narrative. For 3 decades the Center on the Epidemiology of Alcohol Problems has contributed new findings on drinking patterns and associated problems, and innovative ways of measuring these with increasing precision in human populations. Many discoveries and instruments have helped shape and will continue to advance public health research knowledge, research and practice. The Center's leaders and its energetic newer investigators leverage center work with an array of independent grants on topics of high public health priority.
|Bensley, Kara M; McGinnis, Kathleen A; Fortney, John et al. (2018) Patterns of Alcohol Use Among Patients Living With HIV in Urban, Large Rural, and Small Rural Areas. J Rural Health :|
|Kerr, William C; Williams, Edwina; Ye, Yu et al. (2018) Survey Estimates of Changes in Alcohol Use Patterns Following the 2012 Privatization of the Washington Liquor Monopoly. Alcohol Alcohol 53:470-476|
|Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J; Witbrodt, Jane; Subbaraman, Meenakshi S et al. (2018) What Happens After Treatment? Long-Term Effects of Continued Substance Use, Psychiatric Problems and Help-Seeking on Social Status of Alcohol-Dependent Individuals. Alcohol Alcohol 53:394-402|
|Kerr, William C; Ye, Yu; Subbaraman, Meenakshi Sabina et al. (2018) Changes in Marijuana Use Across the 2012 Washington State Recreational Legalization: Is Retrospective Assessment of Use Before Legalization More Accurate? J Stud Alcohol Drugs 79:495-502|
|Kerr, William C; Ye, Yu; Williams, Edwina et al. (2018) Lifetime Alcohol Use Patterns and Risk of Diabetes Onset in the National Alcohol Survey. Alcohol Clin Exp Res :|
|Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J; Greenfield, Thomas K; Mulia, Nina et al. (2018) Ten-Year Trend in Women's Reasons for Abstaining or Limiting Drinking: The 2000 and 2010 United States National Alcohol Surveys. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 27:665-675|
|Borges, Guilherme; Zemore, Sarah E; Orozco, Ricardo et al. (2018) Drug use on both sides of the US-Mexico border. Salud Publica Mex 60:451-461|
|Kerr, William C; Lui, Camillia; Ye, Yu (2018) Trends and age, period and cohort effects for marijuana use prevalence in the 1984-2015 US National Alcohol Surveys. Addiction 113:473-481|
|Bensley, Kara M; Seelig, Amber D; Armenta, Richard F et al. (2018) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Association With Subsequent Risky and Problem Drinking Initiation. J Addict Med 12:353-362|
|Trangenstein, Pamela J; Morojele, Neo K; Lombard, Carl et al. (2018) Heavy drinking and contextual risk factors among adults in South Africa: findings from the International Alcohol Control study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 13:43|
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