The overarching goal of the proposed research program is to develop a foundation of knowledge and to motivate design of systems and instructions to meet the needs and capabilities of users of medical devices and equipment. The researcher will investigate human factors issues of video- mediated, remote managed care, information delivery of instruction and warning information, use of medical devices, and medically-based instruction and training. As such, the research will further basic understanding and knowledge of issues of skill acquisition, transfer, and retention: training; and optimum information transmission technique. The research will address fundamental problems that potentially affect individuals' health and well-being when interacting with medical devices and equipment. Research outcomes will provide design and instruction intervention strategies for specific medical technologies, will broaden the scope of knowledge, and augment our understanding of human factors issues of health care needs that extend beyond the specific devices identified within the experiments. The present research and development effort will improve knowledge for the principal development of age-related system design and enhance basic understanding of cognition for both older and young adults in relatively, rich task domains. The data from the laboratory and field tests will allow formulation of a model of age-related task interaction for complex tasks to address the important issue of scale of complexity in psychological theory. The proposed program of research will create a road map that all other human factors research in this domain may follow. The proposed effort will create fundamental knowledge as well as intervention principles that will provide a more complete picture of the broad area of medical system design and the older adult. This work will help chart the course for human factors success in medical systems design.

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National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Specialized Center (P50)
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University of Michigan Ann Arbor
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Nater, Urs M; Hoppmann, Christiane A; Scott, Stacey B (2013) Diurnal profiles of salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase change across the adult lifespan: evidence from repeated daily life assessments. Psychoneuroendocrinology 38:3167-71
Hoppmann, Christiane A; Blanchard-Fields, Fredda (2011) Problem-solving variability in older spouses: how is it linked to problem-, person-, and couple-characteristics? Psychol Aging 26:525-31
Hoppmann, Christiane A; Blanchard-Fields, Fredda (2010) Goals and everyday problem solving: manipulating goal preferences in young and older adults. Dev Psychol 46:1433-1443
Gutchess, Angela H; Park, Denise C (2009) Effects of Aging on Associative Memory for Related and Unrelated Pictures. Eur J Cogn Psychol 21:235-254
Marsh, Richard L; Hicks, Jason L; Cook, Gabriel I et al. (2007) Comparing older and younger adults in an event-based prospective memory paradigm containing an output monitoring component. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 14:168-88
Hancock, Holly E; Rogers, Wendy A; Schroeder, Derek et al. (2004) Safety symbol comprehension: effects of symbol type, familiarity, and age. Hum Factors 46:183-95
Liu, Linda L; Park, Denise C (2004) Aging and medical adherence: the use of automatic processes to achieve effortful things. Psychol Aging 19:318-25
Brown, Scott C; Park, Denise C (2003) Theoretical models of cognitive aging and implications for translational research in medicine. Gerontologist 43 Spec No 1:57-67
Qualls, Constance Dean; Harris, Joyce L (2003) Age, working memory, figurative language type, and reading ability: influencing factors in African American adults' comprehension of figurative language. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 12:92-102
Brown, Scott C; Glass, Jennifer M; Park, Denise C (2002) The relationship of pain and depression to cognitive function in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Pain 96:279-84

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