The primary goal of The Ohio State University / M.D. Anderson Thyroid Cancer SPORE is to improve the outcomes and lives of patients with thyroid cancer by identifying genetically """"""""at-risk"""""""" individuals allowing for early diagnosis and prediction of tumor behavior, developing new approaches to minimize side effects of treatments, and developing better biomarkers and treatment options for progressive metastatic disease. Several factors support the importance of applying these efforts to thyroid cancer: 1) Thyroid cancer incidence is rising at the fastest rate of all malignancies in the United States and worldwide;it s now the 5th most common malignancy in women and 11th most common in men. 2) Thyroid cancer typically takes an indolent course, thus with the increasing incidence there is an ever enlarging population of individuals (-500,000) surviving long term, many of whom suffer from lifelong effects of initial therapy. 3) For patients with more aggressive forms of thyroid cancer, such as medullary cancer (MTC), there exist no curative therapies or biomarkers that accurately predict outcome from disease or response to particular treatments thereby limiting efforts to individualize therapeutic intensity. In order to achieve our goals, this SPORE application proposes to support a multi-institutional team of experienced investigators from two of the leading institutions in the field with a history of collaborative clinical trials. We have chosen t focus on critical areas of need for rapid translation into clinical practice for thyroid cancer patients with the following four Projects supported by outstanding Cores: 1) Low-penetrance genes in the predisposition to papillary thyroid carcinoma;2) Biomarker discovery and personalized intervention of radioiodine induced salivary gland damage in thyroid cancer patients;3) Developing combination therapies for Medullary Thyroid Cancer;and 4) Development and validation of novel circulating medullary thyroid cancer markers. Through these translational Projects, as well as Career Developmental and Developmental Research Programs, we aim to impact on critical areas of need in thyroid cancer clinical management for all forms of thyroid cancer.

Public Health Relevance

Thyroid cancer incidence is rising. Key issues in clinical care related to predictive testing for more aggressive disease, improving survivorship as many patients live for decades after their diagnosis, improving treatment for patients with aggressive forms of thyroid cancer and improving detection and monitoring of metastases This SPORE addresses these critical areas to improve the outcomes of patients with thyroid cancer.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-RPRB-7 (M1))
Program Officer
Ujhazy, Peter
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Ohio State University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Abrams, Zachary B; Zucker, Mark; Wang, Min et al. (2018) Thirty biologically interpretable clusters of transcription factors distinguish cancer type. BMC Genomics 19:738
Shu, Yi; Yin, Hongran; Rajabi, Mehdi et al. (2018) RNA-based micelles: A novel platform for paclitaxel loading and delivery. J Control Release 276:17-29
He, Huiling; Li, Wei; Liyanarachchi, Sandya et al. (2018) The Role of NRG1 in the Predisposition to Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 103:1369-1379
Chakedis, Jeffery; Shirley, Lawrence A; Terando, Alicia M et al. (2018) Identification of the Thoracic Duct Using Indocyanine Green During Cervical Lymphadenectomy. Ann Surg Oncol 25:3711-3717
Xu, Congcong; Haque, Farzin; Jasinski, Daniel L et al. (2018) Favorable biodistribution, specific targeting and conditional endosomal escape of RNA nanoparticles in cancer therapy. Cancer Lett 414:57-70
Segkos, Konstantinos; Porter, Kyle; Senter, Leigha et al. (2018) Neck Ultrasound in Patients with Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma. Horm Cancer 9:433-439
Wang, Yanqiang; He, Huiling; Liyanarachchi, Sandya et al. (2018) The role of SMAD3 in the genetic predisposition to papillary thyroid carcinoma. Genet Med 20:927-935
Valenciaga, Anisley; Saji, Motoyasu; Yu, Lianbo et al. (2018) Transcriptional targeting of oncogene addiction in medullary thyroid cancer. JCI Insight 3:
Wang, Min; Abrams, Zachary B; Kornblau, Steven M et al. (2018) Thresher: determining the number of clusters while removing outliers. BMC Bioinformatics 19:9
Bagheri-Yarmand, Rozita; Sinha, Krishna M; Li, Ling et al. (2018) Combinations of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor and ERAD Inhibitor Promote Oxidative Stress-Induced Apoptosis through ATF4 and KLF9 in Medullary Thyroid Cancer. Mol Cancer Res :

Showing the most recent 10 out of 50 publications