East Los Angeles, California has been characterized as a """"""""food desert,"""""""" where residents have poor access to comprehensive grocery stores and foods recommended for a healthful and balanced diet. Poor dietary practice contributes to significant chronic disease disparities. East L.A. has over 96% Latino residents, of whom, most live in poverty. To address food access disparities, we will convert corner stores, a common venue for food purchasing in this community. We will test whether corner store conversions are feasible in East L.A. and also whether store conversions contribute to healthier communities. Using an ecological and community-based participatory approach, we will work with four corner store owners to enhance marketing practices, store food quality and sales, and community involvement. For these stores, local high school youth will create and distribute outreach and education materials for community members about healthy food purchasing, preparation and eating. Four unconverted corner stares and their neighborhoods will serve as comparison groups. The project's framework conceptualizes the corner store as a neighborhood asset that can support healthy food purchasing, preparation and eating behaviors among residents. The following four aims guide the research: 1) what factors are necessary to persuade and enable corner store owners to convert their stores;2) what are the best practices to market and promote corner stores in resource poor communities;3) what factors are related to the maintenance and sustainability of corner store conversions;and 4) what impact do corner store conversions have on the health behaviors of community residents. Formative research and evaluation will be used to assess project feasibility. Program monitoring will be used to assess study implementation. A multiple case study approach will be used to assess corner store adoption and maintenance. Outcome evaluation will use a quasi-experimental, comparison groups design with repeated cross-sectional surveys stratified by neighborhoods containing converted and control corner stores. We will survey 1,000 community residents, in two different waves, to assess outcomes. Studying how corner store conversions work and the impact they have on communities is an understudied facet of current public health disparities and intervention research.

Public Health Relevance

East Los Angeles, Califomia is identified as a food desert with limited access to healthy foods and comprehensive grocery stores. This project will convert four study corner stores in East L.A., to make them community assets where people can buy healthy food and learn about healthy food consumption and preparation.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50HL105188-05
Application #
8604733
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRLB-3)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-01-01
Budget End
2014-12-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$473,675
Indirect Cost
$84,053
Name
University of California Los Angeles
Department
Type
DUNS #
092530369
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90095
Gill, Monique; Chan-Golston, Alec M; Rice, Lindsay N et al. (2018) Correlates of Social Support and its Association With Physical Activity Among Young Adolescents. Health Educ Behav 45:207-216
Bharmal, Nazleen H; McCarthy, William J; Gadgil, Meghana D et al. (2018) The Association of Religious Affiliation with Overweight/Obesity Among South Asians: The Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study. J Relig Health 57:33-46
Maxwell, Annette E; Castillo, Laura; Arce, Anthony A et al. (2018) Eating Veggies Is Fun! An Implementation Pilot Study in Partnership With a YMCA in South Los Angeles. Prev Chronic Dis 15:E132
Sharif, Mienah Z; Alcalá, Héctor E; Albert, Stephanie L et al. (2017) Deconstructing family meals: Do family structure, gender and employment status influence the odds of having a family meal? Appetite 114:187-193
Sharif, Mienah Z; Albert, Stephanie L; Chan-Golston, Alec M et al. (2017) Community Residents' Beliefs About Neighborhood Corner Stores in 2 Latino Communities: Implications for Interventions to Improve the Food Environment. J Hunger Environ Nutr 12:342-351
Kuo, Alice A; Sharif, Mienah Z; Prelip, Michael L et al. (2017) Training the Next Generation of Latino Health Researchers: A Multilevel, Transdisciplinary, Community-Engaged Approach. Health Promot Pract 18:497-504
Albert, Stephanie L; Langellier, Brent A; Sharif, Mienah Z et al. (2017) A corner store intervention to improve access to fruits and vegetables in two Latino communities. Public Health Nutr 20:2249-2259
Alcalá, Héctor E; Albert, Stephanie L; Trabanino, Shawn K et al. (2016) Access to and Use of Health Care Services Among Latinos in East Los Angeles and Boyle Heights. Fam Community Health 39:62-71
Gill, Monique; Chan-Golston, Alec M; Rice, Lindsay N et al. (2016) Consistency of Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity in Middle School Physical Education. Fam Community Health 39:283-92
Alcalá, Héctor E; Sharif, Mienah Z; Albert, Stephanie L (2016) Social cohesion and the smoking behaviors of adults living with children. Addict Behav 53:201-5

Showing the most recent 10 out of 60 publications