During the last 18 years of funding of this program project, the only NIH supported program project focused on narcolepsy, we have made significant strides in understanding the pathophysiology of narcolepsy, as well as the physiology of normal sleep. Our discovery during the last funding period that most cases of human narcolepsy cataplexy are caused by hypocretin (also called orexin) deficiency significantly changed the sleep field. In this revised competitive renewal proposal, based on our recent discoveries, we have refocused our research efforts and recruited new members to expand the expertise of the Center. In this revised proposal, we have brought together a unique group of independent investigators working across disciplines toward a common goal. Based on the reviewers' critiques, we have removed two projects from our original proposal, leaving four projects and a core (Project A). The core (Project A) provides the necessary core resources to support research projects at the Stanford Center for Narcolepsy, most notably biological samples. The goal of Project B, directed by Dr. Terry Young at the University of Wisconsin, Madison is to determine the prevalence of narcolepsy without cataplexy using an epidemiological approach and to study its association with HLA and lypocretin deficiency. Project D, directed by Dr. Juliette Faraco, will use a zebrafish model to isolate novel genes regulating hypocretin and histamine neurotransmission. In Project F, directed by Dr. Luis de Lecea, the discoverer of hypocretins, is seeking to identify novel genes with preferential expression in hypocretin-containing cells; an accessory goal of this project will be to study the neuropathology of narcolepsy without cataplexy. Project E, directed by Dr. Joachim Hallmayer, will use a human genetic approach to identify novel narcolepsy susceptibility genes. Narcolepsy is a frequent and disabling neurological disorder affecting more than 1 in 2,000 Americans. Our recent findings have led to new diagnostic procedures but have not yet changed therapeutic options.
Our aims are improved diagnosis, a better understanding of the narcolepsy pathophysiology and the discovery of new treatments, if not a cure for narcoleptic patients. ? ? PROJECT A ? ? PI: Emmanuel Mignot ? ? Title: Research Administration Core, Human DNA Samples Bank, Animal Models, & Databases ? ? Description (provided by applicant): A seasoned and well-trained research administration staff is essential for the effective management of a complex multi-disciplinary program project. During the last consecutive 18 years of funding of this program project the Principal Investigator and the Assistant Director of the Sleep Research Center have worked together and built a team of research administrators and research support staff that are responsible for the day-to-day activities of managing the Center for Narcolepsy. This includes budgetary and fiscal reporting planning, oversight of policy and guidelines, animal and human database management, subject recruitment and the integration of this project into the Sleep Research Center and Sleep Clinic, and in general ensuring that the program runs smoothly. To support this revised research proposal, five main core activities are recognized: 1) A research administrative and coordinating function to facilitate the research & interactions among investigators and projects 2) Management of the Stanford University Center for Narcolepsy animal colonies used in this proposal; this includes zebrafish, mice, and rats. 3) Recruitment of human narcolepsy patients for research projects: this includes the banking of DNA, serum, cerebrospinal fluid and brain specimens from narcolepsy and control subjects. 4) Maintenance of computerized databases containing human, mouse/rat, canine narcolepsy data and tissue sample data; maintenance of the project's website and data-sharing on-line. 5) Maintenance of all documentation supporting adherence to all federal guidelines and policies for conducting research. It is the responsibility of the Principal Investigator to assure that the Center for Narcolepsy scientists work as an integrated team. His direction and scientific leadership, is essential to the pursuit of the overall goals of the program. A weekly research meeting is held to facilitate communication among the investigators and between the research staff and research administration staff. ? ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZNS1-SRB-A (29))
Program Officer
Mitler, Merrill
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Stanford University
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Bonvalet, Melodie; Ollila, Hanna M; Ambati, Aditya et al. (2017) Autoimmunity in narcolepsy. Curr Opin Pulm Med 23:522-529
Plante, David T; Finn, Laurel A; Hagen, Erika W et al. (2016) Subjective and Objective Measures of Hypersomnolence Demonstrate Divergent Associations with Depression among Participants in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. J Clin Sleep Med 12:571-8
de Lecea, Luis (2015) Optogenetic control of hypocretin (orexin) neurons and arousal circuits. Curr Top Behav Neurosci 25:367-78
Wendt, Sabrina L; Welinder, Peter; Sorensen, Helge B D et al. (2015) Inter-expert and intra-expert reliability in sleep spindle scoring. Clin Neurophysiol 126:1548-56
Gottlieb, D J; Hek, K; Chen, T-H et al. (2015) Novel loci associated with usual sleep duration: the CHARGE Consortium Genome-Wide Association Study. Mol Psychiatry 20:1232-9
Ollila, Hanna M; Ravel, Jean-Marie; Han, Fang et al. (2015) HLA-DPB1 and HLA class I confer risk of and protection from narcolepsy. Am J Hum Genet 96:136-46
Li, Jason; Moore 4th, Hyatt; Lin, Ling et al. (2015) Association of low ferritin with PLM in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort. Sleep Med 16:1413-1418
Kornum, Birgitte Rahbek; Pizza, Fabio; Knudsen, Stine et al. (2015) Cerebrospinal fluid cytokine levels in type 1 narcolepsy patients very close to onset. Brain Behav Immun 49:54-8
Kawai, Makoto; O'Hara, Ruth; Einen, Mali et al. (2015) Narcolepsy in African Americans. Sleep 38:1673-81
Holm, Anja; Lin, Ling; Faraco, Juliette et al. (2015) EIF3G is associated with narcolepsy across ethnicities. Eur J Hum Genet 23:1573-80

Showing the most recent 10 out of 55 publications