This P60 application from the University of Connecticut Alcohol Research Center (UCONN ARC) requests five years of continued funding for the Center's research programs on vulnerability to alcohol dependence and promising biological and psychosocial treatment interventions. Component I describes the UConn ARC's organizational framework, quality control mechanisms related to research and publications, and supporting research facilities. The visiting scholars program, consulting and mentoring activities and journal editorship activities strengthen the UConn ARC'S role as a regional and national resource. Component II focuses on neurophysiologic, psychological, and genetic factors to predict risky drinking behavior / binge drinking and obesity risk among college age females. Component III, a second study of vulnerability, will focus on several stress-related pathways (including genetic) that may increase the susceptibility for developing heavy drinking and alcohol-related problems among college students after graduation. Continuing our Center's emphasis on novel treatments, we propose two new studies. Component IV builds upon current work and will evaluate the efficacy of Contingency Management as alcohol use is continuously monitored electronically vs. standard treatment. Eighteen month follow-up evaluations will examine drinking outcomes and the effects of CM on reducing other drug use, psychosocial problems, predictors of relapse, and the interaction of GABRA2 genotype with treatment conditions. Component V is a placebo controlled trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of dutasteride. Reductions in drinking, the persistence of treatment effects, and the role of GABA alleles and AKR1C3 genotype in moderating the treatment response will also be examined. Component VI describes a program of translational, dissemination and educational activities that are integrated with the Center's theme, investigators, and research programs. Finally, the proposed pilot studies component (VII) will support six studies that relate directly to the Center'themes of vulnerability and novel treatments for alcohol dependence and help better position the Center with respect to the new UCONN capital improvement (Bioscience CT) and science (Jackson Laboratories) initiatives.
The UCONN ARC has two primary aims: 1) the identification of social, psychological and biological factors that contribute to an adolescent's vulnerability fo developing alcohol problems, including alcohol dependence, and 2) developing more effective behavioral and pharmacological treatments for problem drinkers and persons with alcohol dependence. Our research findings have been used to improve both prevention programs and to improve treatment approaches.
|Lieberman, Richard; Kranzler, Henry R; Levine, Eric S et al. (2018) Examining the effects of alcohol on GABAA receptor mRNA expression and function in neural cultures generated from control and alcohol dependent donor induced pluripotent stem cells. Alcohol 66:45-53|
|Bauer, Lance O (2018) Inter-trial variability in brain activity as an indicator of synergistic effects of HIV-1 and drug abuse. Drug Alcohol Depend 191:300-308|
|Rash, Carla J; Petry, Nancy M; Alessi, Sheila M (2018) A randomized trial of contingency management for smoking cessation in the homeless. Psychol Addict Behav 32:141-148|
|Bauer, Lance O (2018) HIV/AIDS and an overweight body mass are associated with excessive intra-individual variability in response preparation. J Neurovirol 24:577-586|
|Petry, Nancy M; Alessi, Sheila M; Rash, Carla J et al. (2018) A randomized trial of contingency management reinforcing attendance at treatment: Do duration and timing of reinforcement matter? J Consult Clin Psychol 86:799-809|
|Weiss, Nicole H; Bold, Krysten W; Contractor, Ateka A et al. (2018) Trauma exposure and heavy drinking and drug use among college students: Identifying the roles of negative and positive affect lability in a daily diary study. Addict Behav 79:131-137|
|Armeli, Stephen; Covault, Jonathan; Tennen, Howard (2018) Long-term changes in the effects of episode-specific drinking to cope motivation on daily well-being. Psychol Addict Behav 32:715-726|
|Higgins-Biddle, John C; Babor, Thomas F (2018) A review of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), AUDIT-C, and USAUDIT for screening in the United States: Past issues and future directions. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 44:578-586|
|Petry, Nancy M; Zajac, Kristyn; Ginley, Meredith K (2018) Behavioral Addictions as Mental Disorders: To Be or Not To Be? Annu Rev Clin Psychol 14:399-423|
|Zajac, Kristyn; Ginley, Meredith K; Chang, Rocio et al. (2017) Treatments for Internet gaming disorder and Internet addiction: A systematic review. Psychol Addict Behav 31:979-994|
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