Center grant, selected by peer review as NIAAA's national Center for prevention research. The Center focuses upon the environmental prevention of alcohol abuse &related problems. Our mission is to conduct basic &applied research into environmental factors that affect the etiology of alcohol use, abuse &problems. In the proposed Center we offer a research program that builds upon our previous research in 50 cities in California. We focus upon micro- ¯o-social ecological conditions that affect use and problems: Component #1: Administrative Core - Provides the supporting infrastructure for Center research. Component #2: Environmental Strategies to Reduce Community Alcohol Problems: A Randomized Trial - Assesses the impacts of environmental prevention programs upon alcohol use & problems using a matched subset of intervention &comparison cities in the 50 city database. Component #3: The Role of Drinking Contexts in Alcohol-Related Problems Among Youth - Examines the day-to-day conditions that affect underage access to &use of alcohol. Component #4: Maladaptive Parenting, Activity Spaces, Alcohol and the Substance Use Environment - Examines the social &behavioral mechanisms by which the routine drinking activities of parents lead to maladaptive parenting &child abuse and neglect. Component #5: Direct, Indirect and Total Spatial Impacts of Alcohol Outlets on Related Problems - Considers the multi-year regional social and economic processes that couple alcohol outlets to problems &provides empirical support to program evaluations for Component #2. Component #6: Education and Dissemination in Support of Community Action - Provides education &dissemination activities directed at the community level &supports interventions in Component #2. The rich &varied ecological conditions for drinking &problems that arise across neighborhoods &cities in California provide an ideal environment in which to conduct these studies. The Center enables us to conduct these integrative &integrated research activities in a suitable multi-disciplinary environment. PRC provides the best coordinating environment in which to study the global social &economic conditions that affect access to alcohol in community settings, the social &behavioral processes that affect adult &youth drinking, &the choice of particular environmental contexts for drinking that all interact to affect drinking &problems.

Public Health Relevance

The Environmental Approaches to Prevention Research Center Grant proposes basic and applied research into effective mechanisms for the environmental prevention of alcohol abuse and related problems. The Administrative Core supports the Center infrastructure. Four major research components are proposed to examine social and environmental characteristics of communities that enable and/or sustain alcohol problems in communities throughout the US (social mechanisms). A sixth component supports education and dissemination activities directed at the community level.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Comprehensive Center (P60)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-GG (50))
Program Officer
White, Aaron
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Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
United States
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Grube, Joel W; DeJong, William; DeJong, Maureen et al. (2018) Effects of a responsible retailing mystery shop intervention on age verification by servers and clerks in alcohol outlets: A cluster randomised cross-over trial. Drug Alcohol Rev 37:774-781
Gorman, Dennis M; Ponicki, William R; Zheng, Qi et al. (2018) Violent crime redistribution in a city following a substantial increase in the number of off-sale alcohol outlets: A Bayesian analysis. Drug Alcohol Rev 37:348-355
Lee, Juliet P; Pagano, Anna; Moore, Roland S et al. (2018) Impacts of alcohol availability on Tribal lands where alcohol is prohibited: A community-partnered qualitative investigation. Int J Drug Policy 54:77-86
Yau, Rebecca K; Paschall, Mallie J (2018) Epidemiology of asphyxiation suicides in the United States, 2005-2014. Inj Epidemiol 5:1
Thrul, Johannes; Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Grube, Joel W (2018) Do Associations Between Drinking Event Characteristics and Underage Drinking Differ by Drinking Location? J Stud Alcohol Drugs 79:417-422
Lipton, Robert; Ponicki, William R; Gruenewald, Paul J et al. (2018) Space-Time Analyses of Alcohol Outlets and Related Motor Vehicle Crashes: Associations at City and Census Block-Group Levels. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 42:1113-1121
Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Paschall, Mallie J; Robert F, Saltz et al. (2018) Places and social contexts associated with simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana among young adults. Drug Alcohol Rev 37:188-195
Jin, Zhuxuan; Chang, Howard H; Ponicki, William R et al. (2018) Longitudinal impacts of two causal drivers of alcohol demand on outlet concentrations within community settings: Population size and income effects. Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 27:21-28
Caetano, Raul; Gruenewald, Paul; Vaeth, Patrice A C et al. (2018) DSM-5 Alcohol Use Disorder Severity in Puerto Rico: Prevalence, Criteria Profile, and Correlates. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 42:378-386
Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Finan, Laura J; Grube, Joel W (2018) Social and situational characteristics associated with adolescents' drinking at party and non-party events. Addict Behav 83:148-153

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