We seek to continue research on drinking restraint (i.e., the preoccupation with controlling alcohol consumption). Drinkers high in restraint try to maintain a balance between the temptation to drink and the regulation of intake. When they make self-blaming attributions for violating their limits on drinking, they experience negative affect, and may continue to drink to repair their mood, thereby drinking to excess. Our research on drinking restraint and the Abstinence/Limit Violation Effect (AVE/LVE) has included survey, laboratory, and field studies in which we have found support for the processes just described. We propose three studies in which drinking restraint and the LVE will be examined in two """"""""high risk"""""""" populations: """"""""underage drinkers"""""""" (ages 18-20 years) and adults (ages 21-35 years) with and without a family history of problem drinking. We also plan to modify our measure of drinking attributional style to assess """"""""controllability"""""""". Study I will focus on young adult drinkers (ages 18-20 years). Although legally prohibited from drinking, many drink to excess. Thus, they may experience the restraint cycle of temptation to drink (norms, expectancies) and regulation of intake (negative consequences, legal sanctions). A subset of Study I participants, high and low in temptation (an aspect of restraint), will be selected for Study 2, which involves an in-depth examination of the LVE. Study 3 focuses on restraint and family history of problem drinking. Persons from problem drinking backgrounds may be attracted to alcohol (family models) yet exposure to negative consequences may raise concerns about their own potential for problem drinking. These concerns lead to attempts to regulate alcohol intake. In both populations, repetitions of the restraint cycle may increase the risk for alcohol problems. Studies 2 and 3 will continue our use of an innovative technology, the self-monitoring computer (Electronic Diary- ED), to assess drinking-related variables in the natural environment. Data from the ED will allow us to examine the contributions of restraint and the LVE to excessive drinking.

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National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
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Clinical and Treatment Subcommittee (ALCP)
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Bryant, Kendall
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State University of New York at Buffalo
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Kashdan, Todd B; Ferssizidis, Patty; Collins, R Lorraine et al. (2010) Emotion differentiation as resilience against excessive alcohol use: an ecological momentary assessment in underage social drinkers. Psychol Sci 21:1341-7
Kashdan, Todd B; Collins, R Lorraine (2010) Social anxiety and the experience of positive emotion and anger in everyday life: an ecological momentary assessment approach. Anxiety Stress Coping 23:259-72
Collins, R Lorraine; Kashdan, Todd B; Koutsky, James R et al. (2008) A self-administered Timeline Followback to measure variations in underage drinkers'alcohol intake and binge drinking. Addict Behav 33:196-200
Neal, Dan J; Fromme, Kim; Boca, Frances K et al. (2006) Capturing the moment: innovative approaches to daily alcohol assessment. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:282-91
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Morsheimer, Elizabeth T et al. (2005) One too many: predicting future alcohol consumption following heavy drinking. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 13:127-36
Kashdan, Todd B; Vetter, Charlene J; Collins, R Lorraine (2005) Substance use in young adults: associations with personality and gender. Addict Behav 30:259-69
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Morsheimer, Elizabeth T et al. (2005) The morning after: limit violations and the self-regulation of alcohol consumption. Psychol Addict Behav 19:253-62
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Shiffman, Saul et al. (2005) Daily fluctuations in self-control demands and alcohol intake. Psychol Addict Behav 19:140-7
Muraven, Mark; Collins, R Lorraine; Nienhaus, Kristen (2002) Self-control and alcohol restraint: an initial application of the self-control strength model. Psychol Addict Behav 16:113-20
Collins, R L; Koutsky, J R; Morsheimer, E T et al. (2001) Binge drinking among underage college students: a test of a restraint-based conceptualization of risk for alcohol abuse. Psychol Addict Behav 15:333-40

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