The goals of this study are to: (1) estimate the individual differences in personality and well-being change in older adults over time, (2) estimate exposure and determinants of day-to-day events and stressors among older adults, as well as relating these estimates to the longer-term, multi-year trajectories, and (3) examine differences among persons in intraindividual change due to health, life events, and sociodemographic characteristics. The study population is from the VA Normative Aging Study (NAS), a 35-year old study of aging (age range: 49-90 years). Two investigations will be conducted including a new longitudinal data collection over three waves, and combining these data with existing longitudinal data collected from 1975 to 1999. A cohort of women are added, specifically the wives of the NAS men. In the second study, a daily diary design is employed within a subset of NAS husband-wife pairs over an 8-day period. Together, the two studies investigate change and stability in personality and well-being over different periods of time. The fact that most theories on well-being and personality focus on change or stability at the personal level coupled with research at the sample level, only modeling intraindividual change will reconcile this discrepancy. The multi-year study will allow the examination of change and stability in personality traits and well-being, whereas the 8-day diary study permits the examination of state variability in stressors and affective components of well-being. Individual growth modeling to estimate intraindividual trajectories and hierarchical modeling to evaluate the impact of immediate stressors and day-to-day affect will be employed respectively. Gender and personality influences on daily variation will also be examined. Husband-wife personality interrelationship will be examined. Day-to-day variability (e.g., affect) will be examined as potential predictors of multi-year personality and well-being trajectories. With this study a better understanding of why some people change and why some do not will be achieved.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01AG018436-01
Application #
6192513
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-RPHB-4 (01))
Program Officer
Elias, Jeffrey W
Project Start
2000-09-15
Project End
2005-08-31
Budget Start
2000-09-15
Budget End
2001-08-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2000
Total Cost
$237,216
Indirect Cost
Name
Fordham University
Department
Psychology
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
City
Bronx
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10458
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