This project will develop and experimentally evaluate the effects of a comprehensive smoking prevention program that is an extensive revision of an existing program. The research has four major aims: (1) to compare the effects of the program with a no treatment control condition at the end of one, two, three, and four years of intervention; (2) to experimentally test whether deterrence is increased with a greater number of years of intervention; (3) to determine whether smoking prevention effects are stronger when the program is targeted on middle schools or high schools; and (4) to assess whether having peer leaders conduct the program is more effective than having teachers present it. The presention program focuses on teaching young people skills for dealing with social pressures to smoke. It is more extensive than previous efforts in that the program is presented in grades six through 12 and all students in a given school receive the program. The in-class elements of the program are supplemented by a schoolwide component and by features that increase parental influences to not smoke. A smoking cessation program is also provided at the high school level. The study is designed so that high schools and the junior highs that feed into them are randomly assigned to treatment or control. Twenty such junior high-high school tracks are included in the design, a total of 60 schools. Special attention is given to being able to conduct long-term follow-up.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01CA038273-08
Application #
3176368
Study Section
Behavioral Medicine Study Section (BEM)
Project Start
1984-09-01
Project End
1995-04-30
Budget Start
1992-05-01
Budget End
1993-04-30
Support Year
8
Fiscal Year
1992
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Oregon Research Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
053615423
City
Eugene
State
OR
Country
United States
Zip Code
97403
Biglan, Anthony; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne (2015) Acting in Light of the Future: How Do Future-Oriented Cultural Practices Evolve and How Can We Accelerate Their Evolution? J Contextual Behav Sci 4:184-195
Marchand, Erica; Smolkowski, Keith (2013) Forced intercourse, individual and family context, and risky sexual behavior among adolescent girls. J Adolesc Health 52:89-95
Biglan, Anthony (2011) Corporate externalities: a challenge to the further success of prevention science. Prev Sci 12:1-11
Biglan, Anthony (2009) The Role of Advocacy Organizations in Reducing Negative Externalities. J Organ Behav Manage 29:215-230
Pizacani, Barbara A; Dent, Clyde W; Maher, Julie E et al. (2009) Smoking patterns in Oregon youth: effects of funding and defunding of a comprehensive state tobacco control program. J Adolesc Health 44:229-36
Embry, Dennis; Hankins, Martin; Biglan, Anthony et al. (2009) Behavioral and social correlates of methamphetamine use in a population-based sample of early and later adolescents. Addict Behav 34:343-51
Zhu, Xueyong; Wentworth Jr, Paul; Kyle, Robert A et al. (2006) Cofactor-containing antibodies: crystal structure of the original yellow antibody. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3581-5
Biglan, Anthony (2003) Selection by consequences: one unifying principle for a transdisciplinary science of prevention. Prev Sci 4:213-32
Biglan, A; Ary, D; Wagenaar, A C (2000) The value of interrupted time-series experiments for community intervention research. Prev Sci 1:31-49
Biglan, A; Ary, D V; Smolkowski, K et al. (2000) A randomised controlled trial of a community intervention to prevent adolescent tobacco use. Tob Control 9:24-32

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