In this competing renewal application, our overall objective remains as previously described - to enable a patient- specific treatment planning approach to delivering radiopharmaceutical therapy (RPT) by establishing methodologies and developing computational tools that better predict tissue toxicity and tumor response. In the prior grant period we addressed RPT with beta-emitters and established a methodology to plan combination external beam radiotherapy with beta-emitter RPT. In this renewal application we propose to address the dosimetry of alpha-particle emitters. ?-particle emitters have been recognized as highly potent therapeutics that are fundamentally novel in their mechanism and largely impervious to resistance. The recent FDA approval of one such agent has led to numerous efforts to bring more alpha-emitter RPTs (?RPT) to the clinic. ?-particles are short-range (50 to 100 m,) high linear energy transfer (LET) particles which cause preponderant double- stranded break damage to DNA. Although there is a well-established dosimetry formalism for risk evaluation of these, there is no dosimetry formalism able to account for the high LET and the short range of these to evaluate toxicity and efficacy ? therapeutic endpoints. We propose to develop a methodology that accounts for the short range and high potency of these agents.
The specific aims to do this are: 1. Measure the Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) of normal tissue for ?-particle emitter radiopharmaceuticals (?RPTs). No systematic evaluation of RBE for normal tissues has been undertaken. Currently available values are largely derived from in vitro cell studies. Since biological effect = Absorbed Dose (AD) x RBE, normal tissue RBE is needed to avoid toxicity, plan therapy, and safely execute phase I AD escalation trials for ?RPT.2. Measure tumor RBE, in vivo for 3 tumor types, compare to RBE, in vitro. Tumor RBE is needed to assess efficacy as well as for treatment optimization to avoid over-treating patients.3. Develop and incorporate macro to micro modeling for ?- particle emitter dosimetry into 3D-RD. The macro to micro approach developed with prior support has been implemented for kidney dosimetry of intact antibodies, labeled with different alpha-emitters.
This aim will extend this work to peptides and small molecules and incorporate the method into the 3D-RD platform to establish a new version of 3D-RD (?3D-RD).4. Establish models that enable combined external beam RT (XRT) with ?RPT. There is a strong rationale for combining XRT with ?RPT. Such treatment has not been implemented because a methodology that incorporates micro-scale RBE-weighted dose distribution in dose maps and dose- volume histograms that can be used in XRT planning software does not exist. We will build upon the XRT-RPT method that we developed previously and that is currently being used with Sm-153, (a beta-particle emitter) in an ongoing clinical trial at Hopkins in patients with osteosarcoma to establish a formalism that can be incorporated into ?3D-RD. Successful completion of these aims will enable a dosimetry-driven, treatment planning approach to implementing this novel and highly potent therapeutic modality.

Public Health Relevance

Radiopharmaceutical therapy is an emerging modality for cancer therapy that involves the delivery of radioactive atoms using carriers that preferentially bind to tumor cells. Such treatment is best implemented with patient- specific dosimetry calculations. Support of this proposal will make it possible to more effectively treat cancer patients with radiopharmaceutical therapy by applying and further developing the patient-specific dosimetry software package, 3D-RD.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Radiation Therapeutics and Biology Study Section (RTB)
Program Officer
Capala, Jacek
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Johns Hopkins University
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Plyku, Donika; Mena, Esther; Rowe, Steven P et al. (2018) Combined model-based and patient-specific dosimetry for 18F-DCFPyL, a PSMA-targeted PET agent. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 45:989-998
Josefsson, Anders; Hobbs, Robert F; Ranka, Sagar et al. (2018) Comparative Dosimetry for 68Ga-DOTATATE: Impact of Using Updated ICRP Phantoms, S Values, and Tissue-Weighting Factors. J Nucl Med 59:1281-1288
Fisher, Darrell R; Fahey, Frederic H (2017) Appropriate Use of Effective Dose in Radiation Protection and Risk Assessment. Health Phys 113:102-109
Fahey, Frederic H; Goodkind, Alison B; Plyku, Donika et al. (2017) Dose Estimation in Pediatric Nuclear Medicine. Semin Nucl Med 47:118-125
Plyku, Donika; Hobbs, Robert F; Huang, Kevin et al. (2017) Recombinant Human Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Versus Thyroid Hormone Withdrawal in 124I PET/CT-Based Dosimetry for 131I Therapy of Metastatic Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. J Nucl Med 58:1146-1154
Yoshida, Takahiro; Jin, Kideok; Song, Hong et al. (2016) Effective treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ with a HER-2- targeted alpha-particle emitting radionuclide in a preclinical model of human breast cancer. Oncotarget 7:33306-15
O'Reilly, Shannon E; Plyku, Donika; Sgouros, George et al. (2016) A risk index for pediatric patients undergoing diagnostic imaging with (99m)Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid that accounts for body habitus. Phys Med Biol 61:2319-32
Woliner-van der Weg, Wietske; Schoffelen, Rafke; Hobbs, Robert F et al. (2015) Tumor and red bone marrow dosimetry: comparison of methods for prospective treatment planning in pretargeted radioimmunotherapy. EJNMMI Phys 2:5
Banerjee, Sangeeta Ray; Foss, Catherine A; Pullambhatla, Mrudula et al. (2015) Preclinical evaluation of 86Y-labeled inhibitors of prostate-specific membrane antigen for dosimetry estimates. J Nucl Med 56:628-34
Plyku, Donika; Loeb, David M; Prideaux, Andrew R et al. (2015) Strengths and Weaknesses of a Planar Whole-Body Method of (153)Sm Dosimetry for Patients with Metastatic Osteosarcoma and Comparison with Three-Dimensional Dosimetry. Cancer Biother Radiopharm 30:369-79

Showing the most recent 10 out of 48 publications