This application describes a plan to continue studying the antecedents and consequences of alcohol and other drug use (AOD) among respondents from the original study through the middle adult transition period. We use stress-coping, and social influence and integration conceptual models to guide our study. We also apply life-span and resiliency perpspectives to inform our longitudinal analyses and identify assets and resources in youth's lives. We propose to collect four more years of data in order to have a longitudinal data set that follows youth from their first year in high school to their late twenties (i.e., middle adult transitional period). Our longitudinal sample includes 570 urban respondents approximately 81% African American and 55% female. We have found that respondents'transition to adult roles after high school has only started to take place by the conclusion of our original 8 years of data collection. We plan to measure many of the same variables we have collected- psychological well-being, social support and influence, community participation, racial identity, child bearing, marriage and intimate relationships, employment-and add several new measures to provide more in-depth information about parenting, employment qualities, and neighborhood context. We will analyze adolescent AOD use and its effect on young adult AOD and adult roles including quality of intimate relationships, parenting, and employment qualities. We also will study the effects of adult roles on AOD during the middle transition period. We employ growth curve modeling (e.g., HLM), growth mixture modeling, and structural equation modeling to test several hypotheses regarding the effects of adolescent AOD and other risk factors on young adult AOD and transitional tasks, the association between transitional tasks and young adult AOD, and the effects of promotive factors to counteract or protect against risks for AOD.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-RPHB-H (90))
Program Officer
Etz, Kathleen
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University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Schools of Public Health
Ann Arbor
United States
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Heinze, Justin E; Cook, Stephanie H; Wood, Erica P et al. (2018) Friendship Attachment Style Moderates the Effect of Adolescent Exposure to Violence on Emerging Adult Depression and Anxiety Trajectories. J Youth Adolesc 47:177-193
Goldstick, Jason E; Heinze, Justin; Ngo, Quyen et al. (2018) Perceived Peer Behavior and Parental Support as Correlates of Marijuana Use: The Role of Age and Gender. Subst Use Misuse 53:521-531
Córdova, David; Heinze, Justin E; Hsieh, Hsing-Fang et al. (2018) Are trajectories of a syndemic index in adolescence linked to HIV vulnerability in emerging and young adulthood? AIDS 32:495-503
Goldstick, Jason E; Heinze, Justin E; Stoddard, Sarah A et al. (2018) Age-Specific Associations Between Violence Exposure and Past 30-Day Marijuana and Alcohol Use. J Res Adolesc :
Eisman, Andria B; Stoddard, Sarah A; Bauermeister, José A et al. (2017) Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: Associations with Young Adult Outcomes. J Community Psychol 45:513-527
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Assari, Shervin; Moghani Lankarani, Maryam; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard et al. (2016) Fear of Neighborhood Violence During Adolescence Predicts Development of Obesity a Decade Later: Gender Differences Among African Americans. Arch Trauma Res 5:e31475
Córdova, David; Heinze, Justin E; Mistry, Ritesh et al. (2016) Ecodevelopmental trajectories of family functioning: Links with HIV/STI risk behaviors and STI among Black adolescents. Dev Psychol 52:1115-27
Eisman, Andria B; Stoddard, Sarah A; Bauermeister, José A et al. (2016) Trajectories of Organized Activity Participation Among Urban Adolescents: An Analysis of Predisposing Factors. J Youth Adolesc 45:225-38
Cook, Stephanie H; Heinze, Justin E; Miller, Alison L et al. (2016) Transitions in Friendship Attachment During Adolescence are Associated With Developmental Trajectories of Depression Through Adulthood. J Adolesc Health 58:260-6

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