Cigarette smoking remains the single largest preventable cause of premature death and disability in the United States, and designing more effective antismoking campaigns requires an empirical understanding of the natural history of smoking and its determinants. The proposed research extends our ongoing cohortsequential study of smoking from adolescence into early midlife (ages 34-43). Cohorts of 6th-12th graders (N=8,521) were followed annually between 1980-1983 to prospectively predict adolescent smoking transitions with social psychological models. Follow-ups were conducted in 1987-1988, 1993-1994, and 1999-2002 (seven measurement waves with 71% -73% retention of the total sample at each wave), and a parent-child study of intergenerational transmission (N=556 families) was initiated in the last project period. The proposed studies combine an 8th measurement of our total sample using a mailed survey with short-term (18-month) longitudinal studies of targeted subgroups using web-based and mailed survey methods. ? ? There are three sets of aims. First, we will embed smoking in its developmental context by studying multiple trajectories of smoking and smoking-related beliefs from adolescence to early midlife, and by relating smoking to the unique hallmarks of early midlife as a developmental period. Second, we will apply innovative theory and methods from cognitive social psychology to examine the role of implicit attitudes toward smoking and attitudinal ambivalence in prospectively predicting smoking initiation, cessation, and relapse. Third, we will extend our work on the intergenerational transmission of smoking to examine the role of parental smoking- specific socialization in prospectively predicting smoking onset. We will also identify predictors of this socialization, with particular interest in the role of parental smoking as it interacts with implicit attitudes and attitudinal ambivalence. The results will be important for tailoring smoking cessation messages aimed at midlife adults, and for improving family-based smoking prevention programs that aim to modify smoking-specific parenting. ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project (R01)
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Risk, Prevention and Health Behavior Integrated Review Group (RPHB)
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Hoffman, Allison
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Indiana University Bloomington
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Macy, Jonathan T; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C et al. (2016) Exposure to graphic warning labels on cigarette packages: Effects on implicit and explicit attitudes towards smoking among young adults. Psychol Health 31:349-63
Macy, Jonathan T; Li, Jing; Xun, Pengcheng et al. (2016) Dual Trajectories of Cigarette Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use From Adolescence to Midlife Among Males in a Midwestern US Community Sample. Nicotine Tob Res 18:186-95
Macy, Jonathan T; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C et al. (2015) Changing implicit attitudes toward smoking: results from a web-based approach-avoidance practice intervention. J Behav Med 38:143-52
Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C; Macy, Jonathan T (2014) Adolescent susceptibility to smoking: the importance of an international perspective. J Adolesc Health 54:119-20
Macy, Jonathan T; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C (2013) Association between work-family conflict and smoking quantity among daily smokers. Nicotine Tob Res 15:1867-72
Macy, Jonathan T; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C (2013) Predictors of health behaviors after the economic downturn: a longitudinal study. Soc Sci Med 89:8-15
Macy, Jonathan T; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C (2013) The association between implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking and support for tobacco control measures. Nicotine Tob Res 15:291-6
Macy, Jonathan T; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C (2012) Smoking behaviors and attitudes during adolescence prospectively predict support for tobacco control policies in adulthood. Nicotine Tob Res 14:871-9
Sherman, Steven J; Chassin, Laurie; Sherman, Jeffrey W et al. (2012) Psicol Soc (Bologna) 2012:7-30
Rydell, Robert J; Sherman, Steven J; Boucher, Kathryn L et al. (2012) The Role of Motivational and Persuasive Message Factors in Changing Implicit Attitudes Toward Smoking. Basic Appl Soc Psych 34:

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